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Options for Climate-Smart Agriculture at Kaptumo Site in Kenya

ICRAF Working Paper No. 185









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    Project
    Socio-economic Survey EADD-MICCA Pilot Project in Kenya. Final report
    Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme Background Report 4
    2012
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    Working within FAO’s main efforts of sustainable food security, nutrition and productivity, the Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme‘s main goal is to help developing countries contribute to climate change mitigation in agriculture and move towards low‐carbon emission agriculture. In Kenya, the MICCA Programme, in collaboration with the East African Dairy Development Project (EADD), is focusing on introducing climate‐smart agriculture into the livestock sector. The objec tive of this socio‐economic survey is to collect data on current livelihoods and agricultural practices, and gain a greater knowledge about the impacts of climate change among small‐holder farmers in the project areas. The survey design should be utilized in the same way or adjusted as a tool to evaluate the outcomes and impacts on the socio‐economic situation of other MICCA Programme activities, such as capacity development and greenhouse gas assessments. In the survey, 357 households were visi ted by six enumerators in six locations at the Kaptumo EADD site. Focus groups and key informants were also interviewed. The households were selected randomly and are representative of the locations. The teamWorking within FAO’s main efforts of sustainable food security, nutrition and productivity, the Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme‘s main goal is to help developing countries contribute to climate change mitigation in agriculture and move towards low‐carbon emissio n agriculture. In Kenya, the MICCA Programme, in collaboration with the East African Dairy Development Project (EADD), is focusing on introducing climate‐smart agriculture into the livestock sector. The objective of this socio‐economic survey is to collect data on current livelihoods and agricultural practices, and gain a greater knowledge about the impacts of climate change among small‐holder farmers in the project areas. The survey design should be utilized in the same way or adjusted as a too l to evaluate the outcomes and impacts on the socio‐economic situation of other MICCA Programme activities, such as capacity development and greenhouse gas assessments. In the survey, 357 households were visited by six enumerators in six locations at the Kaptumo EADD site. Focus groups and key informants were also interviewed. The households were selected randomly and are representative of the locations. The team is aware of possible interviewer effects and other factors affecting the validity a nd reliability of data.
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    Document
    Barriers, incentives and benefits in the adoption of climate-smart agriculture – Lessons from the MICCA pilot project in Kenya
    Background report 9
    2015
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    This study examines the incentives and constraints to adoption of the promoted climate-smart agricultural practices in Kaptumo, Nandi County of Kenya. Findings and insights from this study provides useful knowledge on the dynamics of adoption of the Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) practices and lessons learnt to further inform extension, projects and up-scaling. The results from this study are valid for the population in the MICCA pilot site and may be generalized to similar areas in Nandi Count y and other counties in the country, which are characterized by tea-maize-dairy farming system and small land sizes. The study considers wider policy, institutional and social structures and processes that may affect adoption. In addition the assessment also provides farmers’ perceptions on initial benefits of those practices in terms of agricultural production, livelihoods diversification, overall resilience to climatic risks and household food security.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Planning, implementing and evaluating Climate-Smart Agriculture in Smallholder Farming Systems 2016
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    The pilot projects of the Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture (MICCA) Programme of FAO in Kenya and the United Republic of Tanzania have integrated climate-smart agriculture (CSA) into development programmes. The objective of the pilot projects was to show that smallholder farmers can improve their livelihoods and increase their productivity and contribute to climate change mitigation at the same time. The approach was to develop portfolios of climate-smart agricultural practices based o n participatory consultations and expert assessments, implement the selected practices using a variety of extension methods and evaluate their effects on yield, food security and their potential to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions on farms and throughout the landscape. Farmers who participated in the MICCA pilot projects reported that the main benefits of CSA were higher yields, greater farm income and increased food availability. This is an indication that smallholder farmers can be an eff ective part of the response to climate change and make a meaningful contribution to reducing GHG emissions. Bringing sound, up-to-date evidence into decision-making processes can help shape policies, plans and programmes that support CSA.

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