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A Response Analysis Framework - Discussion Papers

Developing a Response Analysis Framework for Food Security Emergencies







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    Book (stand-alone)
    A Response Analysis Framework for Food and Nutrition Security Interventions at District Level
    Drawing on work done in NTT Province, Indonesia - A Facilitation Guide
    2011
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    This guide was developed as part of an ECHO Funded project entitled: Developing a Response Analysis Framework for Food Security Emergencies. The funding is part of the ECHO global capacity building fund. The proposal to develop a Response Analysis Framework for food security was grounded in the understanding that whilst situation analysis of food security has improved in recent years, this has not been systematically translated into more appropriate and justified responses to food se curity problems. Globally, a number of reviews have recognised the gap that exists in the link between food security situation and forecast analysis and programming. Response analysis processes were a focus of The Re-thinking Food Security Forum (hosted by FAO in Rome in April 2008) which brought together INGOs, academia WFP and FAO. The Forum highlighted the need for response analysis processes to be inclusive, and for interventions to be informed by a full review of options. In 2009, consultations held at DG ECHO on Capacity Building Policy and the Future of Thematic Funding confirmed that food security information systems and approaches do “not yet include improved response analysis for programming support”1 ECHO observed that “There is an inadequate link between food security analysis and response...”.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    A Response Analysis Framework for Food and Nutrition Security Interventions at Inter-Cluster and Cluster Level
    Drawing on work done in relation to the IPC (version 1.1) and the IASC Cluster System in Somalia - A Facilitation Guide
    2011
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    The proposal to develop a Response Analysis Framework (RAF) for food security in emergencies was grounded in the understanding that whilst situation analysis of food security has improved in recent years (through initiatives such as World Food Program’s (WFP) Strengthening Emergency Needs Assessment Capacity (SENAC) project and the Integrated Phase Classification (IPC)), this has not been systematically translated into more appropriate and justified responses to food security problem s. Globally, a number of reviews have recognised the gap that exists in the link between food security situation and forecast analysis and programming. Response analysis processes were a focus of The Re-thinking Food Security Forum (Rome April 2008). The Forum brought together INGOs, WFP and FAO, who highlighted the need for response analysis processes to be inclusive, and for interventions to be informed by a full review of options. In 2009, consultations held at DG ECHO on Capaci ty Building Policy and the Future of Thematic Funding confirmed that information systems such as IPC, SENAC, Humanitarian Health and Nutrition Tracking Service (HNTS), market analysis, do “not yet include improved response analysis for programming support”1 ECHO observed that “There is an inadequate link between food security analysis and response...”.
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    Document
    Plan of Action for North Sudan. Emergency response and rehabilitation for food and agriculture August 2010 – August 2012 2010
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    After decades of civil conflict and associated political instability, populations throughout North Sudan have seen their livelihoods and production capacity eroded and their ability to cope with human-induced and recurrent natural disasters (floods, droughts, outbreaks of livestock diseases) worn away. There have been considerable efforts to respond to the protracted crisis, with the international humanitarian response reaching USD 1.3 billion in 2009. Despite this, millions of people continue t o face severe and chronic food insecurity. With between 60 and 80 percent of the working-age population relying on agriculture to meet their food and income needs, the sector’s importance to economic recovery and the consolidation of peace in North Sudan cannot be underestimated. In this Plan of Action (PoA), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) outlines its emergency and rehabilitation programme for North Sudan in 2010–12. It does not include FAO’s long-term develop ment programme, but is designed to complement the Organization’s ongoing development activities, as well as the interventions of United Nations agencies, Government and other partners which aim to mitigate the effects of recurrent crises while addressing their root causes. The programme relies heavily on a disaster risk management approach to the complex situation in North Sudan. This approach focuses on emergency relief, such as replacing lost assets or restoring livelihoods, as well as on earl y efforts as part of risk reduction that protect and sustain livelihoods. Such interventions can often be more effective than those delayed until people are in crisis. Given the complex and protracted nature of the crisis in North Sudan, FAO’s relief and recovery programming is enhanced by interventions that not only restore, but also protect and promote livelihoods in food and agriculture. Thus, the overall purpose of the PoA for North Sudan is to improve preparedness and to make short-term res ponses in food and agriculture more effective. The proposed priorities in this PoA will help FAO, its counterparts and partners to meet shortterm needs in ways that strengthen the resilience of communities and lead to more effective and longer-term recovery. The approach is reflected in the six key areas of focus as proposed in this PoA, based on an analysis of the current situation, the main factors triggering food insecurity and assessments identifying and targeting vulnerable groups. These ar e: (i) dwindling agricultural production; (ii) reduced livestock production and productivity; (iii) the adverse effect of climate change and the conflicts created over the use of scarce natural resources and longer-term issues such as land access; (iv) economic factors that affect the livelihoods of the various groups, as well as the creation of alternative livelihood resources; (v) the need for institutional strengthening; and (vi) coordination of the international community and the assistance provided. The above priorities have been expanded into twelve sectoral programmes that detail activities to be implemented by FAO in North Sudan to achieve expected outcomes and address the specific needs identified in three regions: (i) Greater Darfur (comprising North, South and West Darfur); (ii) the Transitional Areas (Abyei, Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan); and (iii) Eastern Sudan (Gedaref, Kassala and Red Sea states). The total budget for the PoA 2010–2012 is USD 45 056 468. The PoA signa ls FAO’s adoption of a more programmatic approach in its emergency and rehabilitation activities in North Sudan. The document has used a programme cycle management approach to present the situation analysis, planned response and monitoring and evaluation framework. Through this PoA and other efforts, FAO is attempting to build greater programmatic coherence with internal and external partners, in line with national food security plans and related strategy and United Nations system programming fr amework. Fundamentally, this PoA is a dynamic programming tool that may need to be adjusted, according to contingency plans, when and as the food security situation evolves in North Sudan.

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