Thumbnail Image

Supporting Sustainable Productivity in Agriculture through The Promotion of Climate-Smart Practices and Agroecology - FMM/GLO/139/MUL








Also available in:
No results found.

Related items

Showing items related by metadata.

  • Thumbnail Image
    Booklet
    Climate-Smart Agriculture in Seychelles 2019
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    The climate smart agriculture (CSA) concept reflects an ambition to improve the integration of agriculture development and climate responsiveness. It aims to achieve food security and broader development goals under a changing climate and increasing food demand. CSA initiatives sustainably increase productivity, enhance resilience, and reduce/remove greenhouse gases (GHGs), and require planning to address trade-offs and synergies between three pillars: productivity, adaptation and mitigation. The priorities of different countries and stakeholders are reflected to achieve more efficient, effective, and equitable food systems that address challenges in environment, social, and economic dimensions across productive landscapes. The country profile provides a snapshot of a developing baseline created to initiate discussion, both within countries and globally, about entry points for investing in CSA at scale. Seychelles is a small island state in the western Indian Ocean, which has developed a high-income economy and eliminated extreme poverty. Agriculture contributes about 2.2% of the country’s gross domestic product with tourism and the fisheries and seafood industries serving as the main pillars of the economy. Agricultural land occupies about 3.4% of the total land area of the country. A large portion of the land area (88.4%) is covered by forest mainly natural and established plantations for commercial purposes. Seychelles is divided into two large agro-climatic zones based on biophysical characteristics- mountainous/forest zone high ground and coastal plateau. In terms of agriculture, two agroecological zones can be distinguished mainly based on soil: upland and sandy soil. Main cropping systems includes food crop-based systems and perennial crop-based systems. Livestock production include goat, pig and chicken. Most crop production is under rainfed or irrigation system. Most farms are under 2 ha with backyard farming done to supplement household food or income. The main crops and products include coconut, cinnamon, vanilla, sweet potato, cassava, banana and tuna. Seychelles has the highest rate of overweight and obesity in Africa due to the shift from predominantly unprocessed traditional foods to a more westernised dietary intake consisting mainly of refined and processed foods. most greenhouse gas (GHG) emission come from the energy sector, followed by waste and agriculture which contributes 0.79% of the total. Seychelles has outlined in its nationally determined contributions mitigation actions in the forestry, energy and transport, and waste sectors. In agriculture, actions to mitigate climate change include: promotion of agricultural practises such as agroforestry which would involve mainstreaming strategies to limit deforestation and increase the sink capacity of forests. Challenges for the agricultural sector include (i) deforestation and unsuccessful intensification, (ii) uncontrolled urbanisation, land clearing, bush fires and population pressure, and (iii) high reliance on food imports. Agriculture in Seychelles is limited by a lack of arable land and extreme rainfall patterns and meteorological events like tropical storms, floods and droughts. Climate change poses serious challenges to the country such as uncontrolled economic and social consequences of floods, land degradation, sea-level rise, coastal erosion, declining agricultural yields, health vulnerability, and increased occurrence of drought. CSA technologies and practises present opportunities for addressing climate change challenges as well as for economic growth and development of the agriculture sector. Identified CSA practises in use in the country include: crop production under shade houses, inter cropping, use of organic manure and mulch, use of weather information, water control through irrigation, anti-erosion arrangement, windbreak and shelter, and use of climate-adapted seeds. Seychelles has several key institutions and policies aimed at supporting and increasing agriculture productivity and advancing CSA practises. These include government ministries and agency structures of ministries, firms operating in the agricultural sector, academic institutions, specialised laboratories and agricultural research institutes and training centres. The Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change (MEECC) serving as the country’s UNFCCC focal point and nationally designated authority to the Green Climate Fund is responsible for country’s climate change plans and policies. On the agriculture front the ministry of agriculture and fisheries is the key government institution for partnerships for climate-smart agriculture work in the communities as well as for policy and investment related issues through the national agricultural investment plan. A number of csa-related policies and strategies have been developed: National Programme on climate change strategy, national strategy for disaster risk management, national biodiversity strategy and action plan and the mainstreaming of climate change adaptation into the country’s strategic plan- a definitive document intended to guide land-use management up to the year 2040. A number of projects that foster the development of knowledge and evidence on the effectiveness of climate smart agriculture in improving food security, mitigating climate change and improving the adaptive capacities of production systems and populations in Seychelles have received support from various donors and financing schemes. In addition, AfDB, COMESA, FAO, EU, IFAD, etc. have invested hugely in several aspects of the climate/agricultural sector of Seychelles which also include the development and promotion of csa innovations. From various sources of climate finance available internationally, Seychelles is currently eligible for only a limited number of these and has not wholly accessed major funding instruments such as the Green Climate Fund and Adaptation Fund. The county is a small island nation whose prospects rely heavily on external demand, especially tourism. This poses major challenges for diversification and resilience. Its commitment to csa is relatively new with limited institutions and sources of funding.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Book (series)
    Terminal evaluation of the project “Promoting climate-smart livestock management in the Dominican Republic”
    Project code: GCP/DOM/019/GFF - GEF ID: 10054
    2024
    Also available in:

    The project "Promoting Climate-Smart Livestock in the Dominican Republic", implemented between June 2018 and November 2022, has had the objective of "Mitigating climate change and restoring degraded lands through the promotion of climate-smart practices in the livestock sector." The evaluation estimates that, as a result of the implementation of the project, the convenience and importance of promoting climate-smart livestock practices as effective tools for mitigation and adaptation to climate change were installed on the government's climate and agricultural agenda. In addition, the project contributed to generating evidence on the positive effects that certain livestock practices have on climate change mitigation and adaptation and on the restoration of degraded lands. Finally, the contribution to the development of individual and institutional capacities in the Dominican State, technology transfer and adoption of good practices of beneficiary producers, among other achievements, is highlighted.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Project
    Scaling Up Climate-Smart Crop and Mechanization Systems to Promote Sustainable Crop Production in Sri Lanka and Zambia 2021
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    Unsustainable agriculture practices contribute to land degradation, which impacts the fertility and productivity of soil and leaves land vulnerable to the negative effects of climate change. These issues threaten food security and reduce livelihoods, particularly for smallholder farmers. To combat these problems, FAO implements the Save and Grow approach. This approach promotes and intensifies sustainable crop production through the use of high quality seeds and planting materials and the implementation of integrated pest management and conservation agriculture practices. Key to conservation agriculture are the planting and management of climate smart crops and the implementation of mechanization systems for land preparation, direct seeding, weeding and harvesting. The project will be implemented in Sri Lanka and Zambia. It was designed to create synergies with an ongoing project that is already supporting the implementation of the approach in the targeted countries. Several constraints to the adoption of sustainable crop production practices have been identified throughout the implementation of the ongoing project. These include a lack of knowledge of sustainable agronomy and its benefits among beneficiaries and inadequate market linkages, which limit the availability of sustainable agronomic inputs and mechanization services, as well as the sale of crop yields. The goal of this project is to help rural smallholder farmers in Sri Lanka and Zambia to overcome these challenges and to encourage them to adopt the Save and Grow approach.

Users also downloaded

Showing related downloaded files

No results found.