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The dynamic tension between public and private plant breeding in Thailand

A report for the Global Partnership Initiative for Plant Breeding Capacity Building










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    Book (series)
    Plant breeding and seed systems for rice, vegetables, maize and pulses in Bangladesh
    A report for the Global Partnership Initiative for Plant Breeding Capacity Building
    2011
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    This study on plant breeding and seed systems for rice, vegetables, maize and pulses in Bangladesh is an input to a six-country study of plant breeding and seed systems. Studies on three countries in sub-Saharan Africa (Ghana, Malawi and Kenya), two in Asia (Bangladesh and Thailand) and one in Latin America (Uruguay) covered a range of experiences, income classes, sizes of system and dependence on global markets. Bangladesh has been included for the lessons learned and contrasts it presents with the other countries.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Responding to the challenges of a changing world:The role of new plant varieties and high quality seed in agriculture
    FAO Headquarters, Rome, September 8-10, 2009
    2009
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    Urgent government measures and increased public and private investment in the seed sector are required for the long term if agriculture is to meet the challenge of food security in the context of population growth and climate change. Governments are strongly encouraged to implement a predictable, reliable, user friendly and affordable regulatory environment to ensure that farmers have access to high quality seed at a fair price. In particular, FAO member countries are urged to participat e in the internationally harmonized systems of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV), the International Treaty on Plant and Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) and the International Seed Testing Association (ISTA). Participation in those systems will facilitate the availability of germplasm, new plant varieties and high quality seed for the benefit of their farmers, without which their ability to respond to the challenges ahead will be substantially impaired. The conference emphasized the important role of both the public and the private sectors to meet the challenges ahead and the benefits when the two work together. The Second World Seed Conference emphasized that agriculture needs to provide sustainable food security and economic development in the context of current and future global challenges. The Conference highlighted the critical role of new plant varieties and high quality seed in providing a dynamic and sustainable agriculture that can meet those challenges. It concluded that governments need to develop and maintain an enabling environment to encourage plant breeding and the production and distribution of high quality seed. The global seed market has grown rapidly in recent years and is currently worth around US$37 billion. Cross border seed trade was estimated to be worth around US$6.4 billion in 2007. The Second W orld Seed Conference was held at FAO headquarters from September 8-10 and organized in collaboration with the OECD, UPOV, ITPGRFA, ISTA, ISF.
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    Report of a Technical Consultation to Promote Public-Private Partnerships for Pre-Breeding 2013
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    Mutually beneficial public-private partnerships, as an integral part of crop improvement, are critically important for pre-breeding. Such partner ships enhance the adaptive capacities of cropping systems to climate change, and respond to the need for increasing productivity, in order to feeding an increasing global population. A technical consultation on promoting public- private partnerships for pre-breeding was according ly convened in Rome, Italy in May 2013. Participants presented on a wide range of approache s to crop improvement involving public- private partnerships. They agreed on the importance of conducting a thorough needs assessment, to identify the objectives of, and arti culate the most effective arrangements for a global initiative to promote Public-Private Partner ships for Pre-breeding, under the aegis of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. They stressed the importance of securing the support of stakeholders through wide consul tation, and of clarifying the remit of the proposed global initiative, in 201 4. Overall, there was a strong support for exploring the possibility for the establishment of a global initiative to promote Public-Private Partner ship For Pre-breeding that specifically addresses the imperative of broadening the genetic base of breeding materials, and of ensuring the access of plant breeders throughout the world t o the widest possible range of high quality pre-commercial, pre-bred materials that are in suit able forms to be used in plant breeding. Towards this end, it was agreed, amongst immediate next steps, that a thorough needs assessment be carried out and the models currently in practice in Brazil, Germany and the Nordic countries be reviewed. Outcomes of this consultation will be presented in the form of a Declaration of Intent at the Third High-level Roundtable on the International Treaty (Bandung Indonesia, 02-04 July 2013), and to the Fifth Session of the International Treaty’s Go verning Body (Muscat, Oman, 24-28 September 2013)

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