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Ten Years of Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa (Origin, Evolution and Lessons Learned)








Satia, B. P., Ten years of Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa,1993 (Origin, Evolution and Lessons Learned). Cotonou, Programme for the Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa, 37 p.,


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    The state of artisanal fisheries in West Africa in 1995 1996
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    Development strategy during the 1960 and 1970s was based on the philosophy that developing countries lacked improved technology and capital for speeding up their development:Industrialization was promoted in order to capitalize on the abundant fish resources. However, the anticipated expansion of the economy did not happen and the development approach shifted towards an integrated rural strategy where emphasis is put on the community as a whole to upgrade incomes and the quality of life throug h technical assistance and the active participation of fisherfolk and the community. In this context, emphasis was initially placed on the Community Fishery Centre (CFC)concept as a means of promoting artisanal fishery development. But it became apparent that the presence of a complex of facilities and seivices tailored to meet local needs was no guarantee that the structures/facilities would be used or that development would occur. The active participation of fisherfolk and the mobilisation o f local and community resources was imperative in order to assure sustainability of initiatives undertaken by development projects and/or the community. So far and in general terms, the IDAF Programme has worked under the context of abundant or seemingly adequate fishery resources with moderate population pressure. The scenario is however changing (and very fast for that matter) and wewou!d soon face the triple constraints of reduced or depleting fish stocks, degrading environment and increa sing population pressure. Like in other sectors, it must be anticipated that just to survive, parts of the population surplus in the fishing communities will enter the artisanal fisheries, which will increase the competition for the resources among the small scale fisherfolk in addition to the prevailing competition between the artisanal and industrial fisheries, with their attendant effect on the environment.This scenario calls for a côntinuation of the integrated participatory strategy whi ch remains relevant to the development of artisanal fisheries in West Africa. However, the emphasis needs to be placed on the elements and mechanisms that favour the ustainability of initiatives:responsible fishing, the empowerment processes that ensure the devolution of major resource management and development decisions to the local community, the strengthening of national human and institutional capacities at all levels for a sustainable and equitable fisheries resources management and development, as well as in the follow-up and consolidation of past achievements.
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    Sub-Regional Workshop on Artisanal Safety at Sea, Banjul, The Gambia, 26-28 September 1994 (Report and case studies) 1994
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    A sub-regional workshop on safety at sea was held in Banjul, The Gambia from 26 to 28 September 1994. Organised by the IDAF Programme, this workshop brought together 22 participants from Mauritania, Senegal, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea and Sierra Leone. A representative of the Canadian Centre of Studies and International Cooperation (CECI) and FAO staff participated as well in the workshop. The objectives of this workshop were: to review the results of the national acciden ts survey; to identify the fundamental problems and examine information on the status of safety at sea activities in the different countries and to prepare a draft proposal for a sub-regional project on safety at sea. The participants reviewed the status of safety at sea in the seven countries which represent the north side of IDAF intervention area. Great changes have occurred in the artisanal fishing fleets of the sub-region over the past 15 years. The changes have come about mainly becau se of the development of new fisheries, the introduction of new fishing techniques and the higher level of the motorization. These innovations have enabled fishermen to make greater catches. Unfortunately, this development has quite often been accompanied with some unpleasant and connected effects at various levels. One of the direct consequences of these side effects is that in countries with historical seafaring backgrounds there has been a gradual degradation of traditional navigational and seafaring skills over the years. The result is the high debt that the fishermen pay each year to the sea, as a result of repeated accidents and wreckages which range from a simple capsizing of boats with no serious consequences to a fatal collision between small and large boats.
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    Workshop on conflicts in coastal fisheries in West Africa 1993
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    The marine fisheries of West Africa, the area covered by the IDAF Programme, have for a long time been characterized by the co-existence of small-scale (artisanal) and large-scale (industrial) fisheries. Both fisheries tend to interact not only in a biological sense but also economically and physically. Sometimes these interactions degenerate into conflicts between the two sub-sectors, and occasionally conflicts occur within the artisanal fisheries independent of the industrial sub-sector. Conflicts in the exploitation of fisheries resources are due primarily to the common property characteristics of the resource and the phenomenon of free access/entry. However in some cases, national policies in respect to industrialisation and/or the issuance of fishing licences to foreign fleets have also contributed in increasing the number of conflicts. Recent developments, if not improvements, in small-scale fisheries (for example fishermen now have equipment with better autonomy) have made it possible for fishermen to fish in distant areas, fishing grounds that were not traditionally accessible to artisanal fishing crafts

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