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Best practices for improving law compliance in the forest sector











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    Book (stand-alone)
    Forest law enforcement and governance: Progress in Asia and the Pacific 2010
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    At the twenty-second session of the Asia-Pacific Forestry Commission in 2008, leading forestry officials from across the Asia-Pacific region reiterated their commitment to combating illegal logging and other forms of forest crime. They collectively agreed to review ongoing efforts and recent progress towards strengthening forest law enforcement and governance. This publication reports on the ensuing comprehensive review covering 16 countries in the region. Forest law enforcement and governance: progress in Asia and the Pacific provides an overview of the key initiatives and activities in sixteen forest-rich countries of the region, highlighting the achievements and the foundations established for moving forward. This review comes at a time when the region's forestry sector is undergoing extremely rapid change, driven in large measure by increasing demands for forest products and environmental services. To fully capitalize on these emerging opportunities, effective forest law enforcemen t and governance will be needed to demonstrate that real progress is being made towards managing forests sustainably. These efforts will not only help forest owners and managers realize the potential of sustainable forest management in contributing to socio-economic development, but will also help to protect our planet's remaining natural assets for future generations.
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    Book (series)
    Why Law Matters: Design Principles for Strengthening the Role of Forestry Legislation in Reducing Illegal Activities and Corrupt Practices 2002
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    The damage caused by illegal activities and corrupt practices in the world’s forests is a problem of enormous proportions. In many parts of the world, forest exploitation is dominated by rampant illegal harvesting, large-scale violation of trade regulations both domestically and internationally, fraudulent practices abetted or condoned by government officials and other destructive activities in violation of applicable laws. This paper is concerned with one facet of this complex problem–h ow important is legislation in the fight against destructive and corrupt forestry practices? In this short paper, we explore ways in which the drafting of forestry legislation – both in terms of the substantive content of law and the process by which it is written – can facilitate or obstruct efforts toreduce illegal activities. We propose several legislative design principles that have special relevance to the problems of corruption and law enforcement in the forestry sector.
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    Article
    Increasing legality compliance amongst forest sector MSMEs: creating an enabling environment for responsible forest product trade and socio-economic recovery
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) play a critical role in meeting the growing demand for forest products worldwide, with potential to contribute to responsible supply chains that combat illegal logging while promoting economic growth. However, MSMEs have been challenged by the emergence of regulated markets requiring verified legal timber, which involve more stringent regulatory compliance and additional up-front costs. Recognizing the need to ensure MSMEs can benefit from – and are not penalized by – the responsible forest trade, the FAO-EU FLEGT Programme supported 100+ projects in 20 countries between 2016 and 2021 that sought to improve MSME capacity to supply legal timber. These projects employed several strategies: • Increasing MSME legal compliance through capacity building, mentoring and technical assistance; • Formalizing MSMEs to achieve legal status and access to benefits such as credit, training programs, and labour protections. • Strengthening associations that represent MSMEs and provide technical and financial assistance; • Reducing the regulatory burden through the simplification of existing legal frameworks; and • Integrating MSMEs into responsible value chains by linking with buyers or manufacturers. The Programme analyzed the impacts of these projects to determine best practices for supporting MSMEs atscale. It was found that the formation of associations was the most impactful intervention for helping MSMEs to formalize and produce legal timber. Capacity-building efforts also must integrate business skill development with training on legality compliance. The paper discusses options for further deployment of these strategies at scale, emphasizing the importance of building an “ecosystem of support” by forming a variety of mutually supporting partnerships. This will be central to assisting MSMEs negatively impacted by COVID-19 imposed lockdowns and economic slowdown. Keywords: Illegal logging, timber trade, small and medium-sized enterprises, forest governance, responsible markets ID:3486686

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