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Biomass Energy in the Asia-Pacific Region: Current Status, Trends and Future Setting










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    Project
    Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions through Community Forests and Sustainable Biomass Energy in Afghanistan - GCP/AFG/081/GFF 2020
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    In Afghanistan, the harvesting of biomass fuels (wood, shrubs, crop residues and dried animal dung) to supply energy for cooking and heating has resulted in substantial deforestation and land degradation. This has been accelerated by the disruption of socio-economic structures and widespread environmental damage caused by decades of instability and violent conflict. The Government of Afghanistan has acknowledged the importance of adopting improved practices for natural resources management (NRM) and increasing access to sustainable, affordable energy. However, the introduction of sustainable alternatives to traditional practices, for example improved forest management or alternative cooking fuel techniques, requires sustained technical support and investments in research, monitoring, capacity building and awareness raising. Against this background, the project aimed to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by promoting community-based management of forests and natural resources, and removing barriers to sustainable biomass energy in two target districts (Salang and Dara-e-Noor) in Afghanistan.
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    Criteria and indicators for sustainable woodfuels 2010
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    Reliable, secure and safe energy sources are fundamental to the well-being and social and economic development of all societies. With growing pressure on energy resources and a heavy dependence on non-renewable fossil fuels, the world faces two key energy-related problems: the lack of a secure and affordable supply, and the threat of overconsumption leading to irreversible environmental damage. As part of the solution to these problems, many countries are looking increasingly to their biomass-en ergy resources. This publication focuses on one major source of biomass energy – woodfuels. In many developing countries, woodfuels are still commonly used for household cooking and heating and are also important for local processing industries. In many developed countries, wood-processing industries often use their wood by-products for energy production. In some countries, notably the Nordic countries, forest residues are increasingly used for industrial-scale electricity generation and heating . Several developing countries have enormous potential to produce energy from forests and trees outside forests, for both domestic use and export. However this potential is not often properly reflected in national energy-development strategies. This publication sets out principles, criteria and indicators to guide the sustainable use of woodfuel resources and the sustainable production of charcoal. It is designed to help policy- and decision-makers in forestry, energy and environment agencies, n on-governmental and other civil-society organizations and the private sector ensure that the woodfuel sector reaches its full potential as an agent of sustainable development.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Turning rice residues into energy in combined heat and power systems in Turkey
    BEFS case study
    2018
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    Turkey has a large agriculture sector and relies heavily on imported fossil fuels for most of its domestic energy consumption. As a result, the country has been trying to diversify domestic energy supply and has established several renewable energy targets by renewable energy type, e.g. biomass, solar, hydro. One of these targets is for biomass based electricity production to reach 1 000 MW by 2023. In this context, this case study presents and assesses a specific bioenergy supply chain to produce electricity in a combined heat and power system. The chain considered is that of rice residues from the rice value chain in the province of Samsun.

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