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Bulletin d'information du projet EAF-Nansen 31/32












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    Book (stand-alone)
    Refocusing fisheries management in Africa: An Ecosystem Approach 2016
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    In 2006, the EAF-Nansen Project opened with a broad and ambitious objective: to enable African coastal countries to manage their fisheries in a way that would safeguard the health of marine ecosystems. The Norwegian government has made this endeavour possible, through the re-orientation of the long-standing Nansen Programme, which has supported sustainable fisheries and management in developing countries since 1974. The research vessel Dr Fridtjof Nansen, is the primary tool of the Nansen Progr amme. One of the most technologically advanced of its kind in the world, the ship is operated and staffed by the IMR. The ship has become a unique floating platform for research, training and the exchange of knowledge. It has provided opportunities for hundreds of scientists from developing countries to improve their learning and research capabilities. The surveys carried out and information collected over the decades constitute an invaluable archive of scientific data and information on fisheri es and marine ecosystems. This publication documents the achievements of the EAF-Nansen Project, the work that preceded it, and the objectives of the coming phase of the project.
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    Report of the Regional Workshop on Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management in the Gulf of Guinea and first Steering Committee Meeting. Accra, Ghana, 23–26 October 2007 2010
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    A regional workshop on ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF) for countries in the Guinea Current Large Marine Ecosystem (GCLME) area was held in Accra, Ghana, from 23 to 26 October 2007 together with the first Steering Committee meeting of the EAF-Nansen project “Strengthening the Knowledge Base for and Implementing an Ecosystem Approach to Marine Fisheries in Developing Countries (EAF Nansen GCP/INT/003/NOR)”. The objectives of the workshop were to introduce participants to EAF and th e EAF-Nansen project and to identify the activities to be carried out in the Gulf of Guinea under the project with focus on the year 2008. The workshop was attended by a total of 30 participants from 12 GCLME countries, the Fishery Committee of the West Central Gulf of Guinea (FCWC), the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources of Namibia and FAO. In the introduction to EAF and the EAF-Nansen project, the need for applying an ecosystem approach to fisheries management, as reflect ed in the 2001 Reykjavik Conference on Responsible Fisheries in the Marine Ecosystem and in the Plan of implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), was highlighted. An overview of the key concepts and processes of the ecological risk assessment methodology was given and the experience gained and results obtained from the implementation of an EAF pilot project in the Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem area were presented. Based on a questionnaire that had been provided prior to the workshop, an overview of the main fisheries in the region (including their social and economic importance), existing institutional arrangements in support to fisheries management and perceived key challenges that managers of these fisheries face in relation to ecosystem sustainability were discussed. For practical exercises the participants worked in three subgroups (northern, central and southern countries) with each group selecting a specific fishery (shrim p trawl fishery by the northern and southern groups, the beach seine fishery by the central group), defining its global and specific objectives and working through issue identification for the selected fishery. Participants found the workshop extremely useful, commented extensively on the novel approach to management that the EAF provides and suggested that the work of the subregional groups should concentrate first on the fisheries dealt with during the workshop. They asked that the E AF-Nansen project document be sent officially to the respective countries for information and as a means of asking for national support, including co-financing.
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    Report of the ANNUAL FORUM OF THE EAF-NANSEN PROJECT / THEME: THE ECOSYSTEM APPROACH TO FISHERIES - OPPORTUNITIES FOR AFRICA. Rome, 16 December 2008 2010
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    The first EAF-Nansen project Annual Forum was held at FAO headquarters in Rome, on 16 December 2008 under the theme: The Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries – Opportunities for Africa. It was attended by 35 persons made up of national experts, representatives of partner projects, the Institute of Marine Research in Norway, Norad and FAO. The agenda was made up of presentations on the EAF-Nansen project, results of some of the project activities and case studies. The Annual Forum is for progress reporting, dissemination of experiences, identification of best practices and discussion of strategies. The objectives of the 2008 Forum were to provide the platform to exchange views on the EAF-Nansen project implementation and on proposals for future collaborative activities that will speed up understanding and uptake of the principles of EAF and most importantly its implementation to ensure more effective management of fishery resources in Africa. The keynote presentation on Global Pers pective and Applicability of EAF in Africa made reference to the World Bank/FAO report entitled “The Sunken Billions: The Economic Justification for Fisheries Reformâ€Â and highlighted the need for change in fisheries management that involves improving human well-being and equity, applying the precautionary approach, developing adaptive management systems, ensuring compatibility of management measures and broadening stakeholder participation among others. Other presentations were on the ecos ystem surveys conducted by the R/V DR. FRIDTJOF NANSEN in African waters and some of the results obtained, legal aspects of EAF and the development of a Communication Strategy and the GIS component for the EAF-Nansen project. The case studies were from Norway, Australia, Mozambique and the EAF pilot project in the Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem area involving Angola, Namibia and South Africa. The opportunities that the EAF-Nansen project offers as building blocks to putting EAF into p ractice were outlined. There was an observation that the human dimension aspects of the EAF-Nansen project are relatively weak and the need for greater involvement of economists in the project was highlighted. It was suggested that political support is required to realize the benefits to be gained from implementation of the new management approach.

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