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Micro economics: demand, supply, equimarginalism, shadow value







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    Economic analysis of supply and demand for fish, fishery products and agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa up to 2022 – special focus on fish and fishery products. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1101. 2016
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    This circular analyses and forecasts future demand for and supply of food in sub-Saharan Africa, with a special focus on fish and fishery products. Eleven countries in the region were selected for in-depth analysis: Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. With the population of sub-Saharan Africa expected to increase at an average annual rate of 2.6 percent from 949 million in 2015 to reach 1.2 bil lion by 2025, food production systems will be placed under growing pressure in an already difficult setting of rising urbanization and environmental degradation. Various population dynamics in the region will have a number of nuanced effects on the future demand for food. With the rate of population growth in 2022 expected to be outpace increased production from fisheries, aquaculture and agriculture, it is forecast that the region will be less self-sufficient in terms of food production than co mpared with the current situation, as well as compared with other regions of the world. Despite these findings, the overall increase in per capita income will also affect food demand and potentially improve nutrition for some.
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    Book (series)
    Economic Analysis of supply and demand for food up to 2030
    FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1089
    2014
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    With the world’s population expected to reach 8.2 billion people by 2030, and with 842 million people estimated as having been undernourished in the period 2011–13, food supply will present a growing challenge in the next two decades. With increases in income along with demographic changes related to family size, population ageing and urbanization, and consumer trends such as concerns for healthy eating and sustainable production, there will be great shifts in demand and major changes in the com position of demand. This will in turn have an impact on food supply, which will need to both increase and become more efficient if it is to grow within the constraints presented by the availability of natural resources and existing technology. This publication presents projections of future food supply up to 2030, building on existing analyses but also providing more economic perspectives on the future evolution of food production. It thus looks at the main drivers of future demand and supply, w ith a particular focus on fisheries and aquaculture production. The analysis is supplemented with a number of new scenarios on fish production in the period until 2022.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Cereal supply and demand balance for sub-Saharan African countries
    Situation as of June 2021
    2021
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    The Global Information and Early Warning System on Food and Agriculture (GIEWS) continuously monitors crop prospects and food security situation at global, regional, national and sub-national levels and warns of impending food difficulties and emergencies. Established in the wake of the world food crisis of the early 1970s, GIEWS maintains a unique database on all aspects of food supply and demand for every country of the world. The System regularly provides policy makers and the international community with up‑to‑date information so that timely interventions can be planned and suffering avoided. The FAO/GIEWS Country Cereal Balance System (CCBS) is a database of annual supply and utilization balances for main cereals, covering all countries of the world. Since 1980, the FAO/GIEWS Team maintains and updates it continually. This statistical report contains a subset of CCBS data and presents updated cereal supply and demand balances for all sub-Saharan African countries. It complements the information of the FAO/GIEWS Crop Prospects and Food Situation report and is published four time a year with the same schedule. This report is based on information available as of June 2021.

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