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Emergency Assistance to Contain the Spread of Fall Armyworm Outbreak - TCP/ETH/3604









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    Guidance note: Addressing the impact of COVID-19 on the Global Action for Fall Armyworm Control 2020
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    Fall armyworm (FAW) is a polyphagous, transboundary pest that has spread across more than 100 countries in less than four years, beyond its native territory in the tropical and subtropical Americas (see Figure 1). Once FAW finds favourable conditions for reproduction, it establishes itself with no possibility of eradication. It feeds and reproduces on suitable host crops such as maize, sorghum, millet and many other plants. FAW devastates crops and considerably reduces crop yields if it is not well controlled; thus, it represents a significant threat to food security and the livelihoods of millions of farmers. In response, in December 2019, FAO launched a bold, transformative and coordinated Global Action for Fall Armyworm Control, which aims to reduce yield losses caused by the pest by strengthening national capacities for sustainable management of FAW. Concurrently, a global pandemic has emerged in the shape of COVID-19, which is caused by a transboundary and highly contagious virus that undermines human health by attacking the respiratory system and, in the worse cases, provoking pneumonia. This guidance note highlights the impact that COVID-19 will have on the Global Action for Fall Armyworm Control, and thus the sustainable management of fall armyworm with an aim to achieve SDG2, Zero Hunger.
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    Technical Emergency Assistance for The Management And Containment of Fall Armyworm Affecting Maize Production in Nigeria - TCP/NIR/3604 2020
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    The Fall Armyworm (FAW) is a highly destructiveplant-eating insect, attacking a great number of differentplant species and causing massive economic loss. Thepest was first observed in Nigeria in 2016, and since thenhas continued to ravage maize fields at an alarming rate.Given that maize is a national major food staple andrelevant to the food security and nutrition of nearly200 million people, the spread of FAW is a major concern.Against this background, FAO provided technical supportto safeguard the food and nutrition security andlivelihoods of people living in FAW-affected areas, and todevelop the capacities of main stakeholders in thesurveillance, monitoring and control of FAW.
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    Support for Vulnerable Maize Farmers Affected by Fall Armyworm (FAW) in Kenya - TCP/KEN/3606 2020
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    Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) is a new pestin Kenya. It was first reported in February/March 2017 in western Kenya, and rapidly spread to all themaize-growing areas in the country, causing significant economic damage. Maize is the most important staplefood crop in Kenya and contributes significantly to food, nutrition and economic security. In 2016, the amountof maize produced in the country was about 3.7 million metric tonnes (MT), compared with anestimated requirement of more than four million MT. Lowmaize production is generally attributed to biotic andabiotic stresses. Infestation by Fall Armyworm (FAW) further depresses maize production. In response tothis emergency, the Government, through the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries (MoALF), established a consultative Multi-Institutional TechnicalTeam (MITT) to develop a FAW management strategy. To halt further spread and damage on maize by FAW, available skills and knowledge on the pest were requiredin the short term, to develop an effective management strategy. However, in order to implement a management strategy, it was necessary to conduct a comprehensive field survey to understand the severity of the infestation, as well as the innovative indigenous methods that wereused by farmers. Against this background, the Government of Kenya requested that FAO providetechnical and emergency assistance, with a viewto mitigating economic losses and damage to livelihoods.

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