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Medicinal mushrooms from tropical Africa: A state of the art about their diversity and application spectrum

XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022










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    Global trends in research on wild-simulated ginseng: Quo Vadis?
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    To the best of our knowledge, no study has systematically reviewed and analyzed the research trends of Wild- simulated ginseng (WSG) used for food or medicinal purposes in many countries. WSG, a non-timber forest product, has been traditionally produced using agroforestry practices, and it has been consumed in various ways for a long time. WSG has a great demand in the market due to its medicinal effects, particularly in improving forest livelihoods and human health. Due to the significance of WSG, we conducted this research to explore the global research trends on WSG using systematic review methodology and keyword analysis. We used two international academic databases, the Web of Science and SCOPUS, to extract 115 peer-reviewed articles published from 1982 to 2020. The research subjects, target countries, and keywords were analyzed. Our results indicate four categories of WSG research subjects, namely growth conditions, components, effects on humans/animals, and the environment of WSG, and the case studies were mainly from the Republic of Korea, China, and the USA. Through topic modelling, research keywords were classified into five groups, namely medicinal effects, metabolite analysis, genetic diversity, cultivation conditions, and bioactive compounds. We observed that the research focus on WSG changed from the biological properties and cultivation conditions of WSG to the precise identification and characterization of bioactive metabolites of WSG. This change indicates an increased academic interest in the value-added utilization of WSG. Keywords: Wild-simulated ginseng; systematic review; keyword analysis; topic modelling; non-timber forest products (NTFPs); agroforestry ID: 3484627
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    The potential cure for COVID-19: The role of medicinal non wood forestal products and the promising public policies for its use in pandemics times
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    A new coronavirus (SARS-CoV2) had shocked our economy and our lives causing panic and chaos since February 2020. This novel disease locked us down at home and collapsed the Health System in Bolivia which caused thousands of deaths for the lack of prompt attention. This situation drove unprotected population to seek for alternative treatments under the favorable legislation for Ancestral Traditional Medicine using Non-Wood Forest Products, plants and trees. Traditional Medicine had been an alternative treatment for human diseases for centuries and its practices were transmitted by person to person. Nowadays, in the emergence of this new disease, the scientific research had noted that some NWFP and parts of plants and trees had striking effects on respiratory diseases such as SARS, MERS and SARS-CoV2. These studies showed promising results in inhibiting, preventing and coating against the new coronavirus with a wide variety of preparations and presentations. To show the latest research on Alternative Medicine, an accurate scientific literature review was made that allowed the classification in three Groups: (10) to prevent infection and enhance immunity, (14) essential oils for vaporization and (3) antiviral coating. On the Bolivian scenario, there are two groups of medicinal plants for respiratory diseases. The group of Infusions is composed by 21 species from 14 families. The group of vaporization is composed by 4 species from 4 families. Furthermore, the legal enabling environment in the Bolivian scenario with the Law No 459 Ancestral Traditional Medicine and the Alternative Treatment for the COVID-19 disease with Non Wood Forestal Products and parts of plants are novel public policies for all Bolivians. Keywords: Non Wood Forestal Products, Respiratory diseases, Ancestral Traditional Medicine, favorable legal frameworks ID: 3481420
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    Trema orientalis: A potential bioresource in Bangladesh
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Trema orientalis L. is a fast growing tree in tropic and sub-tropic region. Traditionally, leaf, bark and root extract of T. orientalis is being used in therapeutic purpose in different part of the world. Leaf, root and bark extract of T. orientalis also shows antioxidant and antibacterial activity. T. orientalis bark contains 22% tannin material and suitable for leather tanning. Tannin from bark also can be used in in biobased resin preparation. Wood from T. orientalis had good amount of α–cellulose (45-50%) and moderate amount of (20-25%). Many researches were carried out research on T. orientalis pulping. In the chemical pulping processes, the pulp yield was about 50% with kappa number around 18-25. The papermaking properties of T. orientalis pulp were comparable to tropical hardwood pulp. Dissolving grade pulp with high purity could also be produced from this species. This species can be a good alternative for pulpwood production in tropical countries. A complete utilization of tree in biobased products development is possible through T. orientalis. Keywords: Trema orientalis; Leaf and bark extract; Pharmacological properties; Pulping ID: 3488420

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