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Myanmar sows the seeds for more diverse diets











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    Book (stand-alone)
    A guide to recirculation aquaculture
    An introduction to the new environmentally friendly and highly productive closed fish farming systems
    2022
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    Stringent environmental restrictions to minimize pollution from hatcheries and land-based aquaculture facilities in northern European countries have sparked the rapid technological development, investment and innovation in recirculation systems in many parts of the world. In general, aquaculture production affects the environment, but state-of-the-art recirculation methods reduce this effect considerably compared to traditional ways of farming fish. Recirculation systems thereby offer two immediate advantages: cost effectiveness and reduced environmental impact. Recirculation also secures a higher and more stable aquaculture production with less diseases and better ways to control the hatchery parameters that influence fish growth in aquaculture production systems This development is welcome and fully in line with the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. This guide focuses on the techniques for the conversion from traditional farming methods to recirculated aquaculture and advises the fish farmers on the pitfalls to be avoided along the way. Key features of the guide are: assists farmers to convert to recirculation aquaculture;
  • introduces the technology and the methods of management;
  • advises on good practise shifting to recirculation aquaculture;
  • specifies running a recirculation system, staff education and training;
  • provides case stories from different recirculation projects.
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    Policy brief
    Legal assessment brief in the framework of sustainable land management, sustainable forest management and climate smart agriculture in Myanmar 2021
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    This brief has been prepared in the framework of the Project “Sustainable Cropland and Forest Management in Priority Agro-Ecosystems of Myanmar” (hereinafter ‘the Project’). The Project revolves around three key concepts that inform the adoption of related approaches to be promoted in Myanmar: Sustainable Land Management (SLM); Sustainable Forest Management (SFM), including Community Based Forest Management (CBFM); and Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA). In this regard, and considering that Output C1A of the Project´s aim is to support the development of a more enabling legal framework for SLM, CSA, and SFM in Myanmar, this brief aims to build on the ongoing policy debates in these areas, as well as on the work and experiences of the Project in the past 3 years, to contribute with suggestions and recommendations on how to enhance mechanisms leading to the mentioned policy goals. Additional support to this process was provided by the FAO-EU FIRST policy facilitation partnership.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Globalization of Indian diets and the transformation of food supply systems 2004
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    This paper examines the change in the nature of food demand in India in the last twenty years. It identifies two distinct stages of diet transition associated with the period of economic growth. During the first stage, income-induced diet diversification, consumers move away from inferior goods to superior foods and substitute some traditional staples, especially rice. In the second stage, diet globalisation, the influences of globalisation are much more marked with increased consumption of prot eins, sugars and fats. Diet diversification has marked the process of transformation in food production systems. The implications for small and marginal farmers could be serious, unless there are incentives and policies that allow them to move away from subsistence agriculture and become more integrated in the global food market.
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