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Report of the FAO Expert Consultation on Environmental Effects of Genetically Modified Crops, 16 - 18 June 2003, Rome, Italy








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    Genetically modified organism in crop production and their effects on the environment: methodologies for monitoring and the way ahead
    Expert consultation; Report and selected papers
    2006
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    After genetically modified (GM) crops are released, they interact with the environment. Introgression, mutations and selection pressure continue to take place and, when the crop is grown on large areas, there are the possibilities of unanticipated effects on the habitats and ecosystems. Thus, the need to monitor both the benefits and potential hazards of released GM crops to the environment is becoming more important as the commercial area of these crops is increasing. An expert cons ultation at FAO headquarters in 2003 on the environmental effects of GM crops stressed that the benefits and potential hazards of GM crops needed to be considered within a broader ecosystem and recommended that the environmental effects of GM crops be assessed a case-by-case basis. It was emphasized that there was limited information on the subject and that there was an emerging need to monitor possible medium- to long-term environmental impacts through adequate practical methodologies . Hence, in January 2005, a consultation of experts was convened at FAO in Rome to explore and evaluate methodologies for monitoring the impact of GM crops on agriculture and the larger domain of ecosystems, and recommend strategies to FAO for strengthening member countries capacities to design and carry out monitoring of environmental effects of GM crops.
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    FAO/WHO Expert Consultation on the Safety Assessment of Foods Derived from Genetically Modified Animals, including Fish
    Rome, 17–21 November 2003
    2004
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    A joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation on the Safety Assessment of Foods Derived from Genetically Modified Animals, including Fish was held at the Headquarters of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Rome from 17 to 21 November 2003. The objective of this Consultation was to provide scientific advice to FAO/WHO and their Member Governments on the safety assessment of foods derived from genetically modified animals, including fish (hereafter “GM animals”). The C onsultation focused on discussing what strategies are appropriate and applicable to the food safety assessment of GM animals. Additionally, it addressed specific issues originating from the production of GM animals as well as environmental and ethical issues. The Consultation did not address all environmental issues but focused on the connection between environmental entry of GM animals and food safety. The Consultation also addressed ethical considerations that relate directly to the scientific assessment of foods derived from GM animals.
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    Genetically Modified Organisms In Crop Production And Their Effects On The Environment: Methodologies For Monitoring And The Way head
    EXPERT CONSULTATION REPORT: 18– 20 January 2005
    2005
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    The Food and Agriculture Organization ( FAO) hosted an Expert Consultation on " Genetically ModifiedOrganisms in Crop Production and Their Effects on the Environment: Methodologies for Monitoring and the Way Ahead" from 18 to 20 January, 2005 in Rome. The main objective of the consultation was to review the scientific basis for, and proceduresto establish, effective post- release monitoring of genetically modified ( GM) crops and develop guidelines to strengthen member countries’ capacities to d esign and carry out monitoring programmes. The participants represented a wide range of expertise from research institutes, universities, international agencies, regulatory agencies, the private sector and civil society. The consultation was jointly organized by the Plant Production and Protection Division of FAO’s Agriculture Department and the Inter- Departmental Working Groups on Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture and on Biotechnology in Food and Agriculture.

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