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Keep animals healthy to reduce the need for antimicrobials on farms






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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    FAO tools to promote sustainable livestock transformation by reducing the need for antimicrobials on farms 2024
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    This brochure is part of a series called "FAO's Work on Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)". It aims to provide relevant stakeholders across the One Health spectrum with the necessary tools to promote sustainable livestock transformation while reducing the need for antimicrobials on farms. Antimicrobial resistance is a complex and serious threat to public health and agrifood systems as it can harm food production, safety, and security. As a result, FAO is preparing to launch a ten-year global initiative called "Reduce the Need for Antimicrobial Use for Sustainable Agrifood System Transformation (RENOFARM)". A key intervention area of this initiative is to support sustainable livestock transformation by providing tools and resources that promote animal health and production, prevent the entry and spread of infectious agents, reduce disease incidences, and preserve the efficacy of antimicrobials at the farm level.
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    Booklet
    Protocol on estimation of antimicrobial usage at farm level 2024
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    Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is acknowledged as one of the main threats to human health worldwide. It is widely recognized that antimicrobial use (AMU) leads to the selection of resistant bacteria, and that animals may constitute one of the reservoirs of resistant bacteria and resistance genes. Recently, an association between the use of certain antimicrobials in animals and the occurrence of AMR in few clinical isolates from humans has beenshown. Consequently, reducing AMU in both humans and animals is an essential step toward limiting AMR in both humans and animals. Monitoring AMU at farm or prescriber level offers the ability to pinpoint ‘non-prudent’ or excessive AMU and can help guide farm-specific preventive or corrective actions. The information arising from farm-level AMU monitoring is critical for driving antimicrobial stewardship, i.e. the establishment and implementation of measures aimed at combating AMR by promoting responsible AMU practices. This protocol for estimation of AMU at the farm level addresses: (1) data collection, (2) data analysis (i.e. the calculation of indicators to quantify AMU), and (3) reporting the results, as all are important elements in advancing antimicrobial stewardship. Each of these elements can be approached in different ways, with several decisions to be made along the way. These practical guidelines are intended to provide design for farm-level AMU monitoring. It will help to provide data on the type and detail(s) of the antibiotic(s) used and the indicators for reporting results.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    The International FAO Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring (InFARM) system 2024
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    The International FAO Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring (InFARM) system is an FAO flagship initiative, supporting countries in collecting, collating, analysing, visualizing, and effectively utilizing their AMR monitoring and surveillance data primarily from livestock, fisheries, and aquaculture, along with their associated food products. InFARM empowers countries to generate reliable evidence to measure the extent of AMR in animals and food, at local, regional, and global scales, filling critical gaps in AMR data within agrifood systems.Through the InFARM system, FAO invites its Members to establish and strengthen operational national AMR surveillance systems.This Flyer serves as a summary of the contents in the manual for implementation of InFARM, 2024.

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