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Small-scale fishery in Southeast Asia: a case study in Southern Thailand









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    Artisanal Marine Fisheries In Orissa: A Techno-Demographic Study - BOBP/WP/29 1984
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    The fisheries census presented in this paper is part of a project for integrated development of marine fishing villages in the four coastal districts of Orissa. In the course of the project an extension service for traditional marine fisherfolk was established by the Department of Fisheries, Orissa; and training was provided to the extension officers in the areas of fishing technology, credit and finance, extension techniques and community development by the small-scale fisheries project of the Bay of Bengal Programme. In conjunction with the training for extension officers, active extension work was also undertaken with BOBP support. This related to: (a) making institutional finance available for traditional fisherfolk; (b) establishing non-formal primary schools; (c) introducing and trying out motorized beachlanding craft and (d) introducing improved types of fishing gear. To meet the information requirements of the extension service, a few surveys were conducted. These include d a qualitative analysis of Orissa’s traditional fishing technology; a socio-cultural study of the major ethnic groups and castes forming the marine fisherfolk; a study of the economics of commonly used fishing methods; and last, but not the least, a fisheries census, which is presented in this paper. Actual data collection and compilation at the village level were carried out for these studies by the officers of the Marine Fisheries Extension Service of Orissa. In compiling and interpreting the data, valuable advice was provided by Mr. P. Mohapatra, Additional Director of Fisheries; Mr. B. B. Mohapatra and Mr. R. K. Singh, Deputy Directors; and Mr. B. C. Patnaik, Superintendent of Fisheries Statistics. It is hoped that the census methodology developed for this paper might be useful for other extension services in the Bay of Bengal region.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Fisheries Extension Services for Coastal Provinces: Learnings from a Project in Ranong, Thailand - BOBP/REP/68 1994
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    This report describes the process, achievements and learnings of a subproject which set out to develop a model for enabling integrated development in selected fishing communities in the Ranong Province of Thailand. While actually providing the services, it was intended to learn simultaneously about the approaches and methods of fisheries extension services that target small-scale fisherfolk communities in coastal provinces. The subproject was conceptualized late in 1985, towards the end of the f irst phase of the Bay of Bengal Programme (BOBP), and was to be implemented during the second phase of BOBP which started in 1987. Several preparatory exercises were undertaken during 1985 and 1986 and the implementation of the project initiated late in 1986. The subproject undertook several activities, including technology transfer in the areas of aquaculture and capture fisheries, it provided credit through revolving funds for various fisheries and nonfisheries activities, it promoted ski ll development among women in the hope of enhancing their incomes, it facilitated access to health education and healthcare in remote villages, it helped in the provision of nonformal education, and it enabled fishing communities to gain access to community development programmes of the Government. It even helped some of the villages to create some infrastructure. It finally spent time on trying to extract the learnings from its work and on sharing this learning with the Department of Fisheries (DOF). The Department of Fisheries of Thailand was responsible for the execution of the subproject, and it did so with the cooperation of the government departments responsible for healthcare, non-formal education, cooperatives and community development. The BOBP provided technical assistance, support for some additional staff, training, equipment, credit and monitoring.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    A Sub-regional Analysis of the Socio-Economic situation of the Eastern Mediterranean Fisheries 2016
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    Within the framework of the FAO EastMed project, a Working Group on the socio-economic analysis of the fisheries sector in the Eastern Mediterranean was conducted in Athens, Greece from the 2-6 of November 2015. The goal of the working group was to contribute to the understanding of the socio-economic situation of fishing fleets in the Eastern Mediterranean countries, with a view to support economic advice in fisheries management. This report is the result of the working group and compares selec ted fisheries socio-economic indicators, including harvesting cost structure and profitability of main fleet segments. During the working group data was compiled from the Eastern Mediterranean, including Cyprus, Egypt, Palestine (Gaza Strip), Greece, Italy (Ionian Sea), Lebanon and Turkey. For the EU countries the data derived from the EU Data Collection Framework (2010/93/EU) was used, while for the non-EU areas the data was derived from the socio-economic surveys which are currently being co nducted within the framework of the FAO EastMed project. Data from Turkey was derived from the Turkish Statistical Institute. The data collected by both the EU and non-EU areas follow a comparable standard methodology, and using these data sets, socio-economic indicators were estimated and compared among countries and fleet segments in the region. The economic performance of 25 fleet segments from the seven areas mentioned above were analyzed and compared for the year 2012. The fisheries secto r in the region including the Black Sea Turkish production, produced a total of 581 thousand tons of seafood with an estimated value of $1.6 billion. The fishing fleet directly employed 80,017 people on a full-time basis working onboard 40,436 vessels. According to the data presented in this report, the value added generated by fisheries made up 0.05% of the total GDP generated in the region, employing less than 1% of the labour force. However, in the coastal communities of the region it repre sented an important source of employment, income and a highly valuable source of animal protein. In terms of profitability, the best performances were showed in Egypt, Lebanon and Italy, while the worst performance was found in Gaza Strip, where the activity was not profitable. In the vast majority of the fleet segments analysed, crew members are paid with a share system where the running costs are subtracted from the revenues before allocating the shares to the crew members and to the owner. Th e salary per fisher compared to the minimum wage of the manufacturing sector, was lower in Gaza and Lebanon, and higher in Egypt. The ratio of energy costs to operating costs showed the highest value in the fleets operating in Gaza, where energy costs are at an unsustainable level, which is detrimental with respect to the salaries of the workers and the remuneration of the investments. The fuel efficiency showed the highest values in Turkey, and the lowest in Italy where all the fleet segments s cored an extremely low value. The comparison of the breakdown of the cost factors showed that labour and energy were in general the primary costs associated with fishing, although their proportion varies among countries, depending on many factors, such as the fleet structure, the harvesting methods and the fuel subsidies/taxes. In general, vessels using active fishing gears (i.e. trawlers) are more dependent on fuel and have the energy costs accounting for a larger proportion of the operational costs while, for the artisanal vessels using passive gears, labour represents the larger proportion of the operational costs. Salaries can absorb as much as half of the total operating costs in small-scale fisheries, with the exceptions of Gaza and Turkey where the labour costs were below 20%.

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