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Environment and Agriculture








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    Meeting
    Environment and Agriculture 2007
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    Project
    Terminal Report - Improving the Political and Istitutional Environment for the Development of Inland Fisheries Co-management Systems in Burkina Faso, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana
    PILOT PROJECT 1
    2007
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    Small-scale fresh-water fisheries in West Africa developed significantly following the construction of several hydro-electric dams on the major rivers. In Ghana, the huge Akossombo dam, and the associated Lake Volta, covering 9,344 km² (4% of the national territory), was filled in 1964. In Côte d’Ivoire, several hydro-electric dams have been built : Kossou in 1971 gave rise to a 900 km² lake. In 1980, Mali built the Sélingué dam which flooded a 409 km² area. Finally, Burkina Faso const ructed two dams in 1988 and 1992, giving rise to Lakes Kompienga (210 km²) and Bagré (250 km²) respectively. The construction of these dams weakened the social and economic fabric of the riparian communities, causing large-scale displacement and resettlement on new sites, and the destruction of plantations, forests and goods. The main aim of the dams is to produce electricity. However, an irrigated rice and market garden crop production programme has benefited from Lakes Sélingué and Bagré. The fishing activities, which developed later, radically changed the ethnosociological configuration of the lake areas. SFLP
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    Meeting
    Managing Livestock-Environment Interactions 2007
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