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Design and Trial of Ice Boxes for Use on Fishing Boats in Kakinada, India-BOBP/WP/67








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    Agar and Alginate Production from Seaweed in India-BOBP/WP/69 1991
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    Although small by world standards, Indian production of agar and alginates— natural gums derived from certain species of seaweed — contributes to the national economy by supplying materials to the market that would otherwise need to be imported. It is also important in providing income opportunities to many fishing communities, particularly the women, who harvest the seaweed from coastal waters. This paper surveys the Indian seaweed industry and its principal products, agar and sodium alginate . Technical and economic aspects of seaweed collection and processing, and the markets for the products, are examined. Trials undertaken by BOBP to cultivate Gracilaria seaweed and to employ it as a source of raw material for villagescale agar production are briefly described. The work presented is based on information collected during visits made in 1988 and 1989 to harvesting centres along the south-eastern coastline of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat. The seaweed industries a re not well documented and the report relies heavily on first-hand information gained through visits and discussions with the seaweed collectors, agents and processors. The authors would like to thank all these people for their kind assistance during the implementation of this study as well as the Post-Harvest Fisheries Adviser and local consultants involved in the collection of data and the organization of this visit. The work described in this paper has been sponsored by BOBP’s Post-Harves t Fisheries Project. It is executed by the Natural Resources Institute (NRI), UK, and funded by the ODA (Overseas Development Administration) of the United Kingdom.
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    Pivoting Engine Installation For Beachlanding Boats - BOBP/WP/44 1986
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    This paper describes the efforts to develop an appropriate engine installation for boats designed and developed for fishermen in India and Sri Lanka operating from surf ridden beaches. These boats have to negotiate rough surf conditions for most part of the year with breaking waves up to two metres in height. The paper details the different types of pivoting engine installations tried out with air-cooled and water-cooled engines of different makes. The problems faced, the improvements made and the conclusions derived are set out. It also includes a detailed description of an installation. The detailed drawings are available with BOBP and may be obtained on request. The work on engine installations described in this paper was carried out by the small-scale fisheries project of the Bay of Bengal Programme (BOBP) as part of its beachcraft development project. It began in 1980. The first trials were conducted from a beach just outside Madras and were reported in BOBP/WP/7 “T echnical Trials of Beachcraft Prototypes in India.” The original concept of the pivoting engine box was conceived by 0. Gulbrandsen (Naval Architect Consultant) who also designed the first prototype. Further development described in this paper was done by the authors, assisted by BOBP Associate Professional Officers P.A. Hemminghyth (Marine Engineer) and SO. Johansen (Naval Architect), counterpart officers S.B. Sarma (Andhra Pradesh), E. Srinivasan (Tamil Nadu) and G. Patrick (Colombo). G. Gowing (Surf Crossing Consultant) from Australia also contributed several useful ideas. Trials were carried out in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Orissa in India and Sri Lanka. Another BOBP document of direct relevance to the subject described in this paper is BOBP/WP/45 “Further Development of Beachlanding Craft in India and Sri Lanka.”
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    Experimental Shrimp Farming In Ponds In Polekurru, Andhra Pradesh, India - BOBP/WP/46 1986
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    This paper describes the establishment of a small farm complex of six ponds of different design for experimental brackishwater culture of shrimps and fish. It is located in Polekurru, near Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, India. An account is given of two years of culture trials of penaeid shrimps. The purpose was to identify suitable pond configurations and appropriate water management practices. In response to a request for assistance in coastal aquaculture from Andhra Pradesh, BOBP arranged for a three-member Indonesian mission to help identify suitable activities. Based on their recommendations, a pilot project, including the design of the pond complex, was prepared by Mr. Narasimha Rao, Technical Coordinator of the Directorate of Fisheries in Hyderabad and Dr. M. Karim, Aquaculturist of the BOBP. The latter also supervised the implementation of the project, and the authors wish to acknowledge his inspiring work. At the end of the culture trials (September 1985) described in thi s paper, an assessment of the socio-economic feasibility of pond culture in the Polekurru area was undertaken. The findings of this assessment will be reported separately. The Polekurru project, and this paper which describes it, are activities of the small-scale fisheries project of the Bay of Bengal Programme (BOBP). The project is funded by SIDA (Swedish International Development Authority) and executed by FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), and covers five cou ntries bordering the Bay of Bengal — Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, Sri Lanka and Thailand. The main goal of the project is to develop, demonstrate and promote appropriate technologies and methodologies to improve the conditions of small-scale fisherfolk in member countries.

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