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Long-term tse-tse and trypanosomiasis management options in West Africa












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    Book (series)
    Integrating the sterile insect technique as a key component of area-wide tsetse and trypanosomiasis intervention
    PAAT TECHNICAL AND SCIENTIFIC SERIES
    2001
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    Tsetse-transmitted trypanosomiasis remains a major constraint to livestock and agricultural development in large tracts of sub-Saharan Africa. A wide range of methods to reduce the impact of the disease have been developed. However, the application of each of these methods has limitations, and no single technique is powerful enough to sustain freedom from disease across different agro-ecological conditions and farming systems.
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    Book (series)
    Economic guidelines for strategic planning of tsetse and trypanosomiasis control in West Africa 2003
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    The presence of tsetse and trypanosomiasis (T&T) in vast areas of sub-Saharan Africa is a major constraint to livestock-agricultural development. However, the impact of the disease varies with and between countries, regions and agro-ecological zones. Therefore, prior to any intervention it is essential to evaluate the profitability of different approaches towards controlling the vector and/or the disease in each individual project or zone. This ensures that a project is assessed on its own merit s and not merely on its possible technical contribution to a potential continent-wide programme.
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    Document
    Manuel de lute contre la mouche tsé-tsé Volume 1 : Biologie, systématique et répartition des tsé-tsé 1982
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    This Manual is intended to be of use mainly in the training of people concerned with the practical side of tsetse control. Tsetse flies are important because of their ability to spread diseases among man and among domestic animals. The tsetse flies feed only on blood, and in the act of piercing the skin and drawing blood, the flies pass on the blood parasite Trypanosoma to previously uninfected animals or men, causing the disease trypanosomiasis which can be fatal if untreated. Very large areas of Africa are without cattle because of the presence of the tsetse fly and their trypanosones. This means that the orderly economic development of these areas is prevented. A small farmer in a tsetse area cannot use draught oxen to bring more fields under cultivation, and he cannot improve his land with cattle dung. Cattle owners in land near to tsetse belts must always fear outbreaks of the disease, and try to maintain control by drug treatment of his cattle or by other means. Movement of cattle through tsetse belts to reach new grazing grounds or markets greatly increases the risks of infection and loss. Training of tsetse control personnel is therefore an essential part of any large programme to remove the threat of trypanosomiasis from Africa or to reduce it substantially. The aim of this Manual is to assist in the training of tsetse control personnel by setting out the basic facts of tsetse biology, structure, behaviour and ecology, and of the main methods available for tsetse fly control; undesirable side effects of control methods are also described, and a responsible approach to this manysided problem is encouraged. Trainees in the tsetse control field should understand that both the techniques and the ideas now in fashion may be replaced by improved ones as our understanding of rural development and tsetse control methods increases. This will mean that certain parts of this Manual will soon become outdated and in need of revision.

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