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Syrian Arab Republic Situation Report – May 2017









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    Syrian Arab Republic: Humanitarian Needs and Response Plan 2024 2024
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    Thirteen years of conflict and an enduring economic crisis in the Syrian Arab Republic continue to drive humanitarian needs, disrupt agriculture and weaken the country’s food production capacity. The situation worsened significantly after the earthquakes of February 2023. Inflation, high food prices and a declining economy have pushed more than half of the population into acute food insecurity, with millions more at risk. The resulting increased cost of humanitarian response emphasizes the need for cost-effective solutions. Investing in emergency agricultural assistance is crucial. For example, every USD 1 invested in local wheat production yields around four times its value in food produced.
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    Special Report: FAO/WFP Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission to the Syrian Arab Republic 2017
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    Crop production: Production of wheat and barley slightly improved in 2017 compared to previous year due better rainfall and improved access to agricultural land in some areas. Livestock: Over the past two years, the herd sizes have stabilized albeit at a very low level. Displacement: About two in five people are on the move inside the country. Humanitarian access: Overall, there is an improvement in terms of humanitarian access compared to last year with some of the “besieged areas” now consider ed “hard-to-reach”. Markets: Due to the overall improved security situation and opening of supply routes, trade is slowly recovering throughout the country and urban markets appear to function well. Livelihood trends: With relatively improving trends in access and market functionality, livelihood opportunities in the formal and informal sector have slightly improved compared to the previous year. Food consumption and dietary diversity: Over 30 percent of households has a diet characterised by p oor quality and quantity. Coping strategies: Syrians apply a high degree of food coping strategies which is a signal of the stress they are facing because of food shortage. Food assistance needs: Based on the available data, the mission estimates that 6.9 million Syrians are food insecure in terms of current consumption.
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    The Syrian Arab Republic - Humanitarian Response Plan 2018
    FAO in the 2018 humanitarian appeals
    2018
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    Now in its seventh year, the conflict has taken an even more devastating toll on the agriculture sector. In 2018, it is estimated that at least 1.5 million Syrians will be newly displaced, while around 1 million internally displaced people are expected to return to their communities of origin. As the crisis protracts in the Syrian Arab Republic, without immediate support, households in rural communities are no longer able to make a living through agriculture alone – their main source of income.

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