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Forest resources of Bhutan - Country report







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    Bhutan and FAO: Achievements and Success Stories 2011
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    In recent years, Bhutan has made steady progress toward meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Poverty has been substantially reduced from 32 to 23 percent during a short span of four years (2004-2007). Life expectancy has steadily increased, from 47 years in 1985 to 66 years in 2005. Bhutan experienced a successful and smooth transition to democracy in 2008. Bhutan’s economy grew an average of 8.75 percent a year in real terms from 2000-2008, raising annual per capita income to US$1 9 00. Strong growth is expected to continue. A key driver of growth is the energy sector, and in particular hydro-electricity, which brings in revenues and helps power a nascent industrial sector. Tourism is another major source of revenue for Bhutan. Bhutan is vulnerable to natural disasters. Located in the Himalayas, a region of powerful tectonic activity, Bhutan has suffered from earthquakes throughout its history, with a quake registering 6.3 on the Richter scale as recently as 2009. Glacial f loods have damaged development structures in the recent past. The availability of land and steady growth in the agricultural work force provide hope that basic nutrition and quality of life will continue to improve. Bhutan has also registered a steady rise in permanent crops suggesting that with support and training the country can increase its own food security. Bhutan became a member of FAO in 1981, and an FAO Representative Office was opened in the capital, Thimphu, in April 1985. However, FA O had been providing development assistance to Bhutan since 1972. FAO support to the country grew and expanded with the establishment of the country office. FAO’s support to Bhutan has focused mainly on two areas – sustainable forest management and food security, including food quality and safety. Increased food production was supported by projects that built the capacities of Bhutanese officials and farmers, and encouraged the rational use of fertilizers and chemical pesticides. Operational and management plans, information generation, and forest classifications were developed for the forestry sector. Today FAO is assisting Bhutan through 21 projects. Bhutan also benefits from FAO regional and global programmes, including the Special Programme for Food Security (SPFS) and the Regional Programme for Food Security (RPFS).
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    FRA 2000 - Proceedings of South Asian regional workshop on planning, database and networking for sustainable forest management 2001
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    The second regional workshop under the framework of the project “Strengthening Country Capacity in Forest Resource Assessment for Sustainable Forest Planning in the Asia Pacific Region -GCP/RAS/162/JPN” was organized in Thimpu, Bhutan from May 23 to 26, 2000. The project derives its basis from FRA 1990 which indicated a very unsatisfactory condition not only in gathering, analyzing and reporting of forest information but also in making its use for sustainable forest planning and forest resource assessment at national and regional levels in all South Asian countries. The project supplements Forest Resources Assessment programme of FAO to fill current gaps in the forest resource information. It became operational on April 1st, 1998 and is scheduled to close in 2001. Three participants from each of the project countries (Bhutan, Bangladesh, Nepal, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka) and a guest country (Myanmar) deliberated mainly on forest planning, forest databases, forest internet netw orking, world forest survey, regional forest forum/center and regional forest policy. The workshop was held in close cooperation with the Forestry Services Department of the Royal Government of Bhutan. Most of the participants presented study reports and documents for detailed technical discussion. This workshop achieved its planned objectives due to its focused design and active participation of the country delegates and resource persons.
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    FRA 2000 - Forest resources of Bangladesh - Country report 2000
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    AO regularly provides information on forest resources in different countries and at the global level. The FAO project "Strengthening Country Capacity in Forest Resource Assessment for Sustainable Forest Planning in the Asia Pacific Region (GCP/RAS/162/JPN)" attempts to supplement these efforts by working at regional and country levels to develop information on status, planning and management of forest resources in South Asian countries. Bangladesh is an independent and sovereign state since Dece mber 1971. It has about 111.4 million people (1991) in Bangladesh growing at about 2.1% per annum with about 80% of them living in rural areas in 59, 990 villages having average household size of 5.3 persons. The overall literacy rate is 32.4% but the literacy rate of women is about 50% of men. The population density is very high (about 750/km2). The following figure captures the degrading trend of her forest resources during the last decade.

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