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Rural Asia-Pacific: inter-disciplinary strategies to combat hunger and poverty. Rice-based livelihood-support systems.










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    The future of large rice-based irrigation systems in Southeast Asia 2007
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    Most of the large rice irrigation systems in Southeast Asia have been designed for rice irrigation under a supply-driven mode. Despite their huge contribution to agricultural production, there is a general consensus that these large rice irrigation systems have not lived up to expectations because of a legacy of poor institutional arrangements and system design, degraded infrastructure, poor management and stagnation in the face of rapid transformations of agriculture and pressures on their wate r supply. To respond to these shortcomings and to meet new challenges, multiple options and systematic approaches are needed in terms of strategy, institutions, financing, technology and international cooperation to transform large rice irrigation systems in Southeast Asia from supply-driven to demand-driven responsive systems, to improve their water service in terms of reliability, equity, flexibility and multiple uses, to enable farmers to boost agricultural and water productivity, to be more responsive to market opportunities and to contribute to environmental sustainability. Convened in Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam from 26 to 28 October 2005, this workshop discussed three critical questions whose answers could determine the way that large rice-based irrigation systems will evolve over the next 20 to 25 years, namely: how will agriculture and rice production evolve in Southeast Asia? What changes will be required in irrigation service provision by the large rice-based irrigation syste ms? How will ongoing and expected reforms and investment programmes measure up against the projected needs of the region? This proceedings is a collection of the workshop papers and outcomes. It offers a useful reference work to professionals, researchers and government decision-makers on sustainable agriculture, water management and irrigation modernization.
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    Science and technology for sustainable food security, nutritional adequacy, and poverty alleviation in the Asia-Pacific Region 2002
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    Science and technology have played a vital role in keeping agricultural production a step ahead of rapid global population growth during the past four decades. However, Green Revolution technologies did not benefit the vast rainfed and other marginal areas with high concentrations of hunger and poverty. The new farming technologies were also not friendly to the environment, often resulting in degradation of land, water and biodiversity. The region needs to step up agricultural production by 80 p ercent by the year 2030 to meet its growing food needs. However, because there is very little room for expanding the area under farm cultivation most of this increase will need to come from making existing farmland more productive. This publication examines the agrobiophysical, socio-economic and environmental status of farming systems in Asia-Pacific and the role that science and technology will be called on to play in “breaking the unholy alliance of hunger, poverty and environmental degradati on”.
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    Regional Consultative Workshop on Antimicrobial Resistance Risk Associated with Aquaculture in the Asia-Pacific
    Bangkok, Thailand, 4–6 September 2018
    2021
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    Aquaculture sector in Asia-Pacific has grown rapidly during the past four decades and contributed significantly to food security, nutrition, livelihood and overall socioeconomic development in the region. Meanwhile, disease problem has become increasingly challenging in aquaculture. Un-prudent and poorly controlled use of anti-microbial in animal disease control in aquaculture can have significant contribution to AMR risk. Although the control over the use of antimicrobial in aquaculture through some regulatory frameworks has been strengthened over the past decade in the region, it is far from adequate and effective in many Asian countries. In order to support the members to effectively address AMR in aquaculture for public health and sustainability of the sector, FAO and Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific (NACA) jointly organized the regional consultation on AMR associated with aquaculture in Asia-Pacific on 4-6 September 2018. This publication documents the conduct of the regional consultation and its outputs, which identified major issues and gaps in tackling AMR issue in aquaculture and recommended desirable interventions and long-term strategy to effective mitigate AMR risk related to aquaculture in the region. The document also includes the seven country case studies on status of use of antimicrobial in aquaculture and the efforts to manage the risks of antimicrobial resistance, which were presented at the regional consultation.

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