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Impacts of Climate Change on Household Food Security in the Philippines









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    Book (stand-alone)
    Guidelines on the Implementation of Nature-based Solutions (NbS) to Combat the Negative Impact of Climate Change on Forestry
    Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Türkiye, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan
    2023
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    Climate change is one of the most critical social and environmental concerns and the biggest threat to economic stability in human history. Türkiye, Azerbaijan, and Central Asia countries, namely Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, are vulnerable to the negative impacts of climate change. Although average forest cover is only 10.2 percent of these countries (FAO-SEC countries), they play an essential role in climate change mitigation and adaptation, including human well-being and biodiversity co-benefits. The NbS concept has gained attention since the late 2000s. Its practical contribution to global climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts has found significant implementation opportunities in forestry to support the protection and conservation, restoration and expansion, and sustainable management of forests under the impact of climate change. Globally, implementing NbSs to combat the negative impact of climate change on forestry is promoted by the United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF), United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Paris Agreement, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), The United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Regionally, implementing NbSs to combat the negative impacts of climate change on forestry has been included in the forest policy initiatives of the countries in the sub-region recently. As a result, governments have implemented NbSs through national strategies and programs to address societal challenges by enhancing ecosystem services and promoting human well-being and biodiversity co-benefits. For example, Azerbaijan has implemented afforestation, reforestation, rehabilitation, and restoration activities in forest fund lands on an average of 9 727 hectares (ha) annually since 2000. Kazakhstan aims to save the Aral Sea basin from salinity and improve soil fertility through afforestation activities of saxaul species on 0.25 million ha, and the afforestation area in the Aral Sea will be extended by 1 million ha till 2025. Kyrgyzstan has planned a 1,000-ha annual plantation program to expand protected natural areas to 10 percent. Tajikistan implements 2,000 ha of annual plantation activities to increase the greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation potential through participatory forestry sector development. Türkiye implemented afforestation, soil conservation, forest rehabilitation, pasture rehabilitation, private afforestation, artificial regeneration, and establishment of energy forests activities on 9.62 million ha from 1946 to 2022. Turkmenistan conducts afforestation activities with drought-resistant plant species and established the "Golden Century Lake" in the Karakum Desert to improve the climate conditions and conserve biodiversity. Uzbekistan declared the Aral Sea region
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    Social protection in humanitarian and fragile contexts 2017
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    In recent years, threats and crises - due to both natural and man-made disasters - are not only more frequent but also increasingly complex. As such the international community is progressively facing the need to respond to emergencies that combine multiple and compounding vulnerability drivers: chronic poverty, food insecurity, inequality, violence, instability, climate change, and weak governance. This is encouraging to commit to find innovative and effective ways to bridge the humanitarian- development divide and incorporate climate-smart policies. FAO recognizes that the poor and most marginalized people are disproportionately affected by hazards and crisis and the limited assets or lack of social protection coverage can lead families to resort to negative coping strategies which would trigger a negative spiral of vulnerability and poverty. Risk-informed and shock-responsive social protection systems are a strategic priority for FAO. These measures, if integrated into broader development strategies, can significantly reduce families’ vulnerability, severe food insecurity and exposure to threats and crises.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Analysis and Mapping of Impacts under Climate Change for Adaptation and Food Security (AMICAF) project in Paraguay
    Policy recommendations for addressing climate change and food security vulnerability
    2020
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    This document summarizes the main achievements of the project AMICAF-Paraguay, relevant for policymakers, and formulates specific policy recommendations in the main fields covered by the project: adaptation to climate change in agriculture, water resources and economy, as well as data collection, national programs and research. Main recommendations are the following: - Dedicate necessary resources among the different ministries/institutions to update the basic data collection in the field and collect new data. - Build capacity and ensure the resources to strengthen the institutional and technical competences for water management. - Strengthen the national programs and plans such as National Plan for the Disaster Risk Management and Adaptation to Climate Change in the Agricultural Sector of Paraguay to support small-scale family agriculture and rural extension offices. - Reinforce and build synergies among Universities, research centers and government organizations in order to implement lines of research that could include all dimensions of food security and promote adaptation to local conditions and climate change. In addition to the results of the analysis and assessment, a main achievement of the project was the enhanced capacity of public institutions to analyze and address climate change impacts. Those institutions include the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, Meteorological and Hydrological Division, the Environmental Secretariat, the Secretariat of Technical Planning, the Paraguayan Institute of Agrarian Technology, the National Forest Institute, the Faculty of Agrarian Science of the Asuncion National University, and the Faculty of Agrarian Science of the Catholic University.

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