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Enhancing Capacity of Developing and Transition Economy Countries to Engage in Codex - GCP/GLO/893/MUL








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    Booklet
    Japan and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
    Fostering success in Codex standards setting
    2021
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    The exponential increase of food trade has been accompanied by the emergence of food safety related incidences in both domestic and imported food products. Therefore, Codex Alimentarius was created to protect consumer health and ensure fair practices in food trade. Countries and regions have responded by establishing food-safety laws and regulations based on these Codex Alimentarius standards even though they are not mandatory. The Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), a regional organization with ten country members, has recognized the importance of participation in Codex and the application of its standards at both the national and regional levels. However, the diverse development levels of the various countries are also reflected in the degree of implementation of food safety and quality standards at both national and regional levels. To address this diversity, the region has set up interregional groups and task forces to establish its position on food safety, particularly regarding Codex issues. ASEAN also collaborates with other countries to get support in terms of funding and experience on how to improve and strengthen the capacities of each of member. One of the long-term partnerships established through the years is with the Government of Japan, which is actively involved with the region’s Codex work through funding and providing expertise. This document includes a compilation of endeavours conducted by the Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF), Government of Japan through FAO in strengthening the capacity of ASEAN countries to participate in Codex Alimentarius activities. These have created a huge impact in the region in increasing awareness about the importance of Codex and their country’s capacity to be involved in Codex work even with limited resources. Among the products resulting from these endeavours have been data, toolkits, infographics and protocols. These outputs would not have been possible without the collaboration and contribution of each of the country members. ASEAN still needs to engage in further collaboration, as evidenced by the current needs of the region. Therefore, the FAO project, Enhancing Capacity in Codex for Effective Participation and Contribution of Selected Countries in Asia (GCP/RAS/278/JPN), will continue to implement activities on the enhancement of effective engagement in Codex work, building capacity to implement risk analysis frameworks, and provide technical support on data generation for establishment of food safety standards in selected ASEAN countries.
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    Project
    Development of Standards and Scheme for Good Agriculture Practices (GAP) Implementation and Certification based on ASEAN Gap - TCP/CMB/3608 2020
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    Due to the growing demand for higher quality and safer food products by consumers, it has become more common for both importing countries and domestic buyers to require certification for the use of good agricultural practices (GAP) in food production and distribution. As such, Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries have a common GAP framework for the production, harvesting and postharvest handling of fresh fruits and vegetables (ASEAN GAP). The ASEAN GAP aim to prevent or minimize hazards associated with (i) food safety, (ii) environmental impacts, (iii) worker health, safety and welfare and (iv) produce quality. Several ASEAN countries have developed voluntary GAP standards or follow standards that are modelled on the ASEAN GAP. In Cambodia, however, there is an urgent need to develop and implement national GAP in order to comply with international requirements and bolster trade, particularly within the ASEAN free trade area. Food safety standards in Cambodia have largely focused on end products and are often not considered mandatory. However, stakeholders in Cambodia’s agriculture sector have recognized that in order to compete with other ASEAN countries and benefit from access to the common market area, GAP need to be better incorporated into all farming activities. The development and implementation of Cambodia’s GAP (CamGAP) will create a demand for reliable, high-quality inputs, increase the value of farms and develop the skills of farmers. Ultimately, the formulation of CamGAP will draw upon concepts in the ASEAN GAP, which were formulated based on international regulatory frameworks, including those of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC), Codex Alimentarius Commission and World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). Given the challenges being faced in Cambodia, this project was designed to institute CamGAP for horticultural produce and operationalize the associated national certification and accreditation systems. This, in the long term, is expected to promote the optimization of farming resources, as well as access to market opportunities for producers.
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    Document
    Strengthening the FAO/WHO scientific advice programme - GCP/GLO/209/MUL
    Strengthening the FAO/WHO scientific advice programme - GCP/GLO/209/MUL
    2018
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    FAO/World Health Organization (WHO) scientific advice is essential for Codex Alimentarius Commission and member countries. The demand for this advice has increased in line with rapid technological and trade developments. It was therefore necessary to mobilize technical, financial and human resources to support FAO/WHO activities on the provision of scientific advice in food safety and nutrition, and to promote its timeliness, while ensuring the continuation of the highest level of integrity and quality.

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