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Risk management integrated approaches to the management of food safety throughout the food chain in Slovak Republic

Country Paper proposed by Slovak Republic








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    Experiences of the Slovak Republic in the FAO Project 2002
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    This FAO Technical Cooperation Project was completed in June 2001. It enabled the Slovak Republic to create a new concept of food legislation and administration linked to the European Union and Codex Alimentarius. Activity areas: Food legislation; Food Inspection; Food Laboratory Management
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    Integrated Approaches to the Management of Food Safety throughout the Chain
    Country Paper proposed by the USA
    2002
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    The existing US scheme of food safety responsibilities, involving the Food and Drug Administration, US Department of Agriculture, Environmental Protection Agency and other government agencies, is based on laws and regulations that place responsibility for safety on those that produce, process, transport and store the food. In 1997, a new initiative to revamp the regulatory approach extended its scope throughout the food chain, "From Farm to Table." The initiative was needed to address signi ficant outbreaks of foodborne illness and increasing international trade, and was based on extensive consultation with all stakeholders. Actions that were taken to prevent and respond to foodborne illness involved improved recognition of foodborne illnesses and outbreaks, establishment of an outbreak response team, research on new technologies, development of good agricultural practices, food safety education, and increased federal-state partnerships. As a result, food safety is now seen as a sh ared responsibility between consumers, industry, and government at all levels with better-understood roles for each. Increased transparency and visibility have brought more resources, higher priority and incentives to implement the initiative.
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    The General Principles of Food Law in the European Union and The European Food Safety Authority
    Conference Room Document proposed by the European Community
    2002
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    European food legislation has evolved over the last forty years reflecting a blend of scientific, societal, political and economic forces. Over this period, food legislation has had different policy objectives linked to the Common Agricultural Policy or the development of the Internal Market. Although inextricably linked with the establishment and maintenance of a high level of protection of human health, safety and of consumer protection, food law at the European level was characterised with so me divergence in approach, some inconsistencies and even some lacunae. One of the key objectives therefore of the new Regulation is to establish common definitions, including a definition of food, and to lay down the overarching guiding principles and legitimate objectives for food law in order to ensure a high level of health protection. In contrast to the relatively recent development of food law at Community level, national "food acts" have a longer history. The Regulation harmonises at Community level existing national requirements, placing them in the European context.

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