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NEPAL AGRICULTURAL POLICY AND STRATEGIES FOR POVERTY ALLEVIATION AND FOOD SECURITY







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    Book (series)
    Literature Review of Studies on Poverty in Fishing Communities and of Lessons Learned in Using the SLA in Poverty Alleviation Strategies and Projects 2002
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    This report presents the findings of a literature review on various aspects of poverty in fisheries and on lessons learned of poverty alleviation measures including the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA). The review was conducted on behalf of the DFID/FAO SFLP. The principal findings indicate that there are few studies and analyses on the extent and causes of poverty in fishing communities and on the contribution of the fisheries sector to poverty alleviation and food security. There is al so limited understanding on the impact on poverty of technological change, community and fishers’ organizations, and alternative fisheries management regimes. On the policy side, the review found that while government but especially donor-supported programmes often seek to reduce poverty in fishing communities, they are rarely targeted on the poor. While empirical evidence is still very limited, the SLA is an improvement over conventional sectoral approaches for combating poverty in fishing comm unities.
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    Rural women: crucial partners in the fight against hunger and poverty
    Side Event Report - World Food Summit: Five years later - 10-13 June 2002
    2003
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    The World Food Summit (WFS): Five years later took place in Rome 10 to 13 June 2002 to follow up, reaffirm and reinforce the commitments made at the WFS in November 1996, at which governments pledged their political will and their collective common and national commitment to achieving food security for all and to an ongoing effort to eradicate hunger in all countries, with an immediate view to reducing the number of undernourished people to half their level no later than 2015. The half-day sid e event on Rural women: crucial partners in the fight against hunger and poverty took place 12 June 2002. The event served to enhance the visibility, recognition and support for the important role and contributions of rural women, and in particular women farmers, in achieving the targets of the World Food Summit of 1996. The side event was organized by FAO’s Gender and Population Division with the financial contribution of the Government of Sweden.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Working with local institutions to support sustainable livelihoods 2003
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    This paper summarizes the research findings and policy implications of a research project undertaken by the Rural Institutions and Participation Service (SDAR) of FAO entitled "Rural Household Income Strategies for Poverty Alleviation and Interactions with the Local Institutional Environment". The research was undertaken to gain a greater understanding of the linkages between household livelihood strategies, incomes and the local institutional environment, and how these linkages may change over time. Building on three country studies in India, Mozambique and Mexico, the research focused on informal economic institutions associated with household access to land, labour, markets and capital, as well as those providing a social safety net. The paper argues that local institutions, however "imperfect", are providing essential goods and services to the rural poor and vulnerable groups, particularly in the absence of well-functioning markets, local governments and safety nets. Therefore , great caution should be taken not to destroy these institutions and networks in the name of "development". It also argues that homogeneous and heterogeneous local institutions play different but complementary roles in rural societies. While the former are more inclusive, the latter may be more effective at moving the poor upward and potentially out of poverty. In conclusion, the paper calls for policy-makers and practitioners concerned with rural poverty to: 1) allocate additional resources an d time to understanding, strengthening, capacity building and partnering with local institutions, and 2) provide a supportive legislative and regulatory framework in which local institutions can thrive and assume greater responsibilities.

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