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FAO Biosecurity Toolkit







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    Book (stand-alone)
    Report of the twenty-fifth session of the Asia and Pacific Plant Protection Commission 2007
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    An account of the Commission session held in Beijing, China from 27 to 31 August 2007. Delegates from 18 Commission member countries attended - Australia, Cambodia, China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Fiji, India, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Republic of Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam. The meeting reviewed the body's work since the previous Asia and Pacific Plant Protection Commission and the ove rall plant protection situation at national and regional levels. The Commission discussed and adopted two Regional Standards for Phytosanitary Measures and for the first time formulated a strategy and business plan which include a position statement, mission statement and five regional directions. Other items of note were acceptance of pest risk analysis for South American Leaf Blight (SALB) for rubber as a basis for the development of a standard on measures for protection from the SALB in the r egion and progress made in information exchange among member countries through the publication of "Country Profiles of Plant Protection from APPPC Members". The latter will greatly assist in formulating better strategies and policies for pest and pesticide management, provide early warning of dangerous trends or gaps in the execution of plant protection functions, promote transparency and harmonization of procedures, and improve regional cooperation and development.
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    Development of an analytical tool to assess Biosecurity legislation 2007
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    Globalization of trade in agricultural products brings opportunities and risks. On the one hand, it generates wealth in countries exporting their produce to foreign markets and brings that produce to the tables of consumers in faraway lands. On the other hand, it opens new pathways for pests and diseases that can damage natural resources with accompanying economic and environmental consequences. In order to capture those opportunities and manage those risks, there is an increasing re cognition of the need to integrate and improve coordination of regulatory activities designed to protect human, animal and plant life and health and the environment. Interest in Biosecurity comes in response to these needs. It attempts to draw together the policy and regulatory frameworks for risk assessment and risk management across the sectors of food safety, animal life and health (including fisheries) and plant life and health. Biosecurity aims to manage biological risks in th ese three sectors while protecting the environment and contributing to its sustainable use. In essence, Biosecurity balances enthusiasm for international trade with the need to protect against risks. Transparent and efficient controls in these sectors need not create unnecessary barriers to international trade; rather they facilitate it.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Regional Standards for Phytosanitary Measures. Guidelines for the establishment and application of emergency actions and emergency measures 2007
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    Normally, phytosanitary import requirements that apply to a particular commodity are determined and made available to the exporting party before exports commence. These phytosanitary measures would be technically justified by the importing party. However, with emergency actions and/or emergency measures they are typically applied immediately in response to an emergency situation without the exporter/exporting country receiving prior notice and full technical justification may not be available at the time of application. Therefore, there are strict conditions attached to the use of emergency actions and emergency measures. This standard provides guidelines to contracting governments on how to establish and apply both phytosanitary emergency actions and emergency measures in a practical manner that follows the requirements of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) and International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPMs). This standard was endorsed by the by the twenty -fifth session of the Asia and Pacific Plant Protection Commission (APPPC) held in Beijing, China in August 2007. Regional standards for phytosanitary measures are developed and adopted by APPPC as part of the plant protection programme of the Commission's contracting parties to support regional harmonization and facilitate trade of commodities by member countries.

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