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Evaluation of the project “Improving rural livelihoods, environment & green jobs opportunities in Mafraq Governorate in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan”

Project code: GCP/JOR/017/EC











Management response


FAO. 2022. Evaluation of the project “Improving rural livelihoods, environment & green jobs opportunities in Mafraq Governorate in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Project Evaluation Series, 09/2022. Rome.



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    Project
    Improving Rural Livelihoods and the Environment Through the Integral Utilization of Residues of Treated Waste Water and Organic Solid Waste for the Production of Renewable Energy and Compost in Mafraq Governorate of Jordan - TCP/JOR/3602 2020
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    As the Syrian crisis continues to escalate, the influx of refugees in neighbouring countries places an growing burden on affected areas. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) determined that Jordan hosts around 620 000 registered refugees, while the Government has estimated that there is a total of 1.4 million refugees in the country. In Mafraq, the refugee population lives in distress, while the broader population is also affected by the refugee influx. In December 2019, there were 75 993 individuals and 17 655 families registered at the Zaatari refugee camp. Stakeholders in the Zaatari community continue to pursue the creation of job opportunities for residents, with a record 13 220 active work permits being reached in October 2019. Although job opportunities are traditionally dominated by the agriculture sector, the waste sector offers potential for the development of additional “green” jobs. In Jordan, the level of municipal solid waste has grown rapidly over the past two decades, while the influx of refugees has exponentially increased its rate of production. Much of the solid waste produced finds its way to landfills, most of which are classified as unsanitary dump sites. On top of the strain being placed on the waste management system, the influx of refugees has also driven an increased demand for energy. This TCP project was therefore designed to make use of waste in the Zaatari municipality in the creation of sustainable job opportunities that promote compost production for agricultural purposes and the generation of energy.
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    Project
    Generating Renewable Energy and Creating Green Jobs to Improve Livelihoods for Refugees and Host Communities in MAFRAQ Governorate - GCP/JOR/017/EC 2022
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    Jordan has been severely impacted by the crisis in the neighbouring Syrian Arab Republic, with Mafraq Governorate in particular hosting one of the largest populations of Syrian refugees. The project aimed to enhance the economic growth potential of the local economy of Mafraq, and particularly of Zaatari municipality, through an innovative intervention promoting private sector enterprise development and stimulating the creation of decent green jobs in an environmentally sustainable manner. Specifically, it aimed to improve livelihoods with increased green job opportunities for the most vulnerable communities in the area, and to enhance environmental conditions through integral utilization of residues of treated waste water and biosolids in order to generate renewable energy and compost. The generation of renewable energy, in particular, was to be achieved through the adoption of sustainable and labour-intensive “waste to energy” and “waste to compost” processes. The anticipated benefits of this action were threefold: (i) a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, (ii) a decrease in the costs of solid and liquid waste disposal in Zaatari municipality, in particular in the Zaatari refugee camp, and (iii) the generation of green job opportunities.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Compost as solid waste management in Jordan
    Making every voice count for adaptive management (MEV-CAM) good practices: engage, learn, inspire
    2023
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    Zaatari Refugee Camp (ZRC), in Northern Jordan, is the seventh-largest refugee camp globally, and it hosts around 80 000 Syrian refugees. This new population generates 34 metric tons (MT) of waste, which is collected and trucked out of the camp daily. Disposing the solid waste has become one of the most serious environmental problems in Jordan, with much of its waste ending up in landfill. FAO in Jordan established a 16 MT capacity waste processing facility within the framework of the “Enhancing resilient livelihoods and food security of hostcommunities and Syrian refugees in Jordan and Lebanon through the promotion of sustainable agricultural development” project, funded by the EU through its Regional Trust Fund in Response to the Syrian crisis (MADAD). The project is implemented by FAO in cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture,WFP and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). As a result, nearly 1,000 tons of waste is turned into compost annually. Composting is an excellent way of reducing the amount of solid waste going into landfills. Composting is a natural breakdown process which turns raw organic materials into biologically stable organic fertilisers or soil conditioner. Compost is crucial in the agricultural sector because of its positive effect on soil and plant health, without damaging groundwater. This practice has improved the sustainability of the ZRC, provided jobs for refugees and improved soil conditions for local farmers. The reader will be able to know more about this good practice,which was extracted by FAO's MEV-CAM initiative, working alongside communities participating in the MADAD project in Zaatari Fefugee Camp. This document aims to show the impact of good practices on local communities, from their own perspective. MEV-CAM will share these insights through the South –South Cooperation Knowledge Gateway, a platform designed to link the local knowledge held in these good practices with technical guidance.

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