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Protecting global plant resources

International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC)











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    Presentation
    Tree health in the international year of plant health: what we can learn from the SARS COV-2 pandemic 2020
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    The COVID-19 outbreak has highlighted the devastating impact of transboundary diseases and the importance of preparedness, surveillance, and implementation of preventive measures in order to protect human health. It has also demonstrated the importance of coordinated international action in the management of transboundary diseases. Such coordinated international action is also fundamental to protect the world’s forests from forest invasive species (transboundary insect pests, pathogens, vertebrates, plants). Professor Mike Wingfield opens the webinar introducing a broad topic on pandemics. He presents an interesting comparison among human pandemic and pests outbreaks, highlighting similarities and - most importantly - lessons learned.
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    Document
    Cuba - Plan Of Action. Response to needs arising from Hurricane Sandy - November 2012 2013
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    Hurricane Sandy hit the eastern region of Cuba hard. It passed through the country on 25 October, 2012 as a category 2 Hurricane (approaching category 3) in a five hours span. Sustained winds reached 200 km/h as Sandy lashed Cuba´s second and third most populated provinces of Santiago de Cuba and Holguin, respectively. 340,000 people were evacuated as a preventative measure, of whom 300,000 stayed with relatives. With the exception of 1,000 people accommodated in collective centres, these people have now returned to their damaged homes. Despite these preparedness measures, 11 people died and some three million people (27% of the country's inhabitants) are indirectly affected. At least half of these have had their housing, water, and food directly affected. Half of this population is female. More than 226,600 homes were damaged (representing 50% of the inhabitants of the eastern region) and at least 17,000 were destroyed - the majority in the City of Santiago de Cuba, with a population of close to 500,000 people. Although the Government of Cuba is responding swiftly and effectively to the hurricane, additional response is needed. The United Nations System, in support of the initial response of the Government, is working closely with local authorities, donors and emergency organizations to support national efforts. UN agencies mobilized $1.5 million in emergency funds, which was complemented by a $1.6 million allocation from the Central Emergency Response Fund from the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). The urban context of the affected area, with significant losses in housing, food reserves, crops, and storage and production facilities, combined with Santiago de Cuba´s importance as an economic hub for the eastern region and the country, has strained response capacity and leaves a huge impact on the living conditions of affected people. Given the magnitude of the storm and the resulting devastation, those affected ne ed urgent support to maintain basic health and nutritional standards and to provide adequate shelter/housing conditions. Of particular concern are heightened needs of vulnerable groups, such as women, pregnant women, children under five, as well as elderly people over 65. Immediate assistance is intended to address basic needs, and support start-up of recovery activities, while reducing vulnerabilities by strengthening communities’ resilience to future extreme weather. Food security is of pr iority given the magnitude of the losses of food combined with damage to food storage facilities. In addition to large losses in agriculture crops in the eastern region hit directly by the hurricane, subsequent flooding in the central regions compounds food losses. There is also an urgent need to restore health care services including repair of structures, replacement of medical equipment and restocking of medicines such as antibiotics and supplies. It must be assured that vaccination serv ices are resumed, early warning surveillance, prevention and treatment of potential disease outbreak, provision of maternal health services and sexual and reproductive health are in place. The immediate return of students and teachers to classes requires emergency repairs to damaged schools and replacement of school materials, interventions to provide potable water and sanitation, and construction material to repair roofs. This Plan of Action is seeking $30.6 million to address the urgent needs of the population affected by Hurricane Sandy.1 The UNS developed this plan recognizing the priorities of the affected population and was discussed with the Government. The UNS also held discussions with the Red Cross and international NGOs to avoid duplication of efforts. All projects and activities in the Plan of Action have humanitarian aspects that will be implemented during the first six months. Due to the particularities of the impact of this disaster and its urban context, many projects will continue until 18 months, strengthening the transition recovery. This strategy will cover basic immediate needs as well as support the improvement of living conditions of affected people.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Plant health and food security 2017
    A fundamental human need for individuals, communities and nations is ongoing access to sufficient, affordable, safe and nutritious food to live an active and healthy life. Pests and diseases of plants pose a threat to food security because they can damage crops, which reduces the availability and increases the cost of food. Pest and disease threats are greater than ever before due to increasing global trade and a changing climate. Both of these create favourable conditions for the movement and spread of plant pests and diseases. It is more essential than ever to protect plants from pests and diseases in order to achieve and sustain food security and sources of income for a growing world. Increased trade and a changing climate create opportunities for new plant pests and diseases to appear where they have not been seen before with potentially devastating effects. The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) was established in 1952. Its mission - to protect the world’s plants from pests and diseases – means it is well placed to address these challenges and to establish coordinated action against the spread of the pests and diseases that threaten food security.

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