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Forests, climate and Kyoto







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    Les forêts, le climat et Kyoto 2005
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    Le Protocole de Kyoto de la Convention-cadre des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques (CCNUCC) est entré en vigueur en février 2005 – le signal de la mise en pratique des décisions sur les changements climatiques prises dans la salle de conférences. Dans les années à venir, le secteur forestier se caractérisera par une multitude d’enjeux et de possibilités. Le présent numéro d’Unasylva en définit un grand nombre – tout en emmagasinant dans chaque exemplaire l’équivalent du CO2 accumulé dans 1 000 m3 d’air depuis le début de l’ère industrielle.
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    Soils help to combat and adapt to climate change by playing a key role in the carbon cycle 2015
    Healthy soils provide the largest store of terrestrial carbon. When managed sustainably, soils can play an important role in climate change mitigation by storing carbon (carbon sequestration) and decreasing greenhouse gas emissions in the atmosphere. Conversely, if soils are managed poorly or cultivated through unsustainable agricultural practices, soil carbon can be released into the atmosphere in the form of carbon dioxide (CO2), which can contribute to climate change. The steady conversion of grassland and forestland to cropland and grazing lands over the past several centuries has resulted in historic losses of soil carbon worldwide. However, by restoring degraded soils and adopting soil conservation practices, there is major potential to decrease the emission of greenhouse gases from agriculture, enhance carbon sequestration and build resilience to climate change.
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    Analysis and Systematization on Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) in Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) countries based on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 2018
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    The twenty-second session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 22), the twelfth session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 12), and the first session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA 1), were held in Bab Ighli, Marrakech, Morocco, from 7-18 November 2016. The Conference showed how the world is making progress for the implementation of the Paris Agreement, and how the constructive spirit of multilateral cooperation on climate change continues. Governments have set until 2018 to complete the Paris Agreement application standards, in order to ensure trust, cooperation and success in the upcoming years and decades. The agreement adopted at COP21 came into force on November 4, 2016, and, this way, countries have ratified their commitment to struggle to keep the increase in global temperature below 2 degrees centigrade and to achieve an economy free from greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions until the second half of this century. Within this context of challenges and considering the principles, provisions and structures of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the countries have filed documents on their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC). This analysis and systematization study examines the INDC documents from 32 Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) States.

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