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Japanese version of: The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture - 2008 (SOFIA)










FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. The state of world fisheries and aquaculture, 2008. The State of world fisheries and aquaculture. Rome, FAO. 2008. 176p. (Includes the fifth edition of the FAO World Fisheries and Aquaculture Atlas CD-ROM).



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    The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture - 2004 (SOFIA) 2004
    Fisheries continue to receive increasing attention not only because they represent an important source of livelihoods and food but also because of their contribution to increasing our understanding of the vast aquatic ecosystem a strong concern of civil society at large. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2004 concludes that developments in world fisheries and aquaculture during recent years have continued to follow the trends that were already becoming apparent at the end of the 1990 s: capture fisheries production is stagnating, aquaculture output is expanding and there are growing concerns with regard to safeguarding the livelihoods of fishers and the sustainability of both commercial catches and the aquatic ecosystem from which they are extracted. The report provides a comprehensive overview of these developments and discusses several issues that confront fishers and fish farmers worldwide: the recovery of marine fish stocks, the management of deep-water fisheries and the sustainability of capture-based aquaculture. Other questions of global significance are raised in the report, inter alia, the impact of trawling on benthic habitats, the amount of fish discarded in marine fisheries globally, and the measurement of fishing capacity. Consideration is also give to how freshwater fisheries in southern Africa could be managed sustainably while respecting the social and economic importance of these fisheries. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2004 conc ludes with some views on the potential for fisheries and aquaculture as a source of food in the coming three decades.
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    Impacts of climate change on the production and trade of seafood 2018
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    Global seafood production has been increasing steadily in recent decades, at a rate faster that global population growth. Seafood is the most important source of animal protein in several regions, being of particular importance in several African countries. Fish and fisheries products are provided from two main modes of production – fisheries and aquaculture. While fisheries landings has been stagnant since the late 1980s, aquaculture is the world´s fastest growing food production technology. The impact of climate change on global seafood production remains uncertain on aggregate. Recent evidence suggests that global capture fisheries production will remain relatively unchanged, but with significant variation across regions as various species change migration patterns due to direct and indirect effects of climate change. In addition to impacting food security and local economies, this may also cause jurisdictional challenges. Aquaculture production will continue to be the main driver of growth in the seafood sector, and climate change is likely to impact areas where production takes place. If it turns out to be correct that the main impact of climate change on seafood production will be on where production takes place, trade has the potential to serve as an adaptive tool. Places that experience a reduction in production can compensate through imports. Seafood is also better placed than most other foods in terms of capacity to respond to climate change through increased international trade since it is already one of the most traded animal protein products worldwide. Several challenges remain, however, and countries whose fisheries and aquaculture are most vulnerable to climate change are also the poorest with the most limited capacity to adapt.
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    The state of world fisheries and aquaculture - 1994 (SOFIA) 1995
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    This report reviews the state of world fisheries and aquaculture in 1994, with particular attention to developments since 1989. Following consideration of world fish production and growth in demand for fish, marine fisheries production and issues are addressed in detail. Problems of fleet overcapacity and overinvestment in marine capture fisheries, leading to an unsustainable impact on resources, are highlighted. An analysis of inland capture fisheries and aquaculture is presented, noting that aquaculture will be expected to play a greater role in the food security equation in future. Fish utilization and the fish trade are reviewed. The report also provides a regional analysis of supply and demand prospects. It ends with an outlook on the prospects of satisfying global demand for food fish to the year 2010.

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