Thumbnail Image

A comparative assessment of links between irrigation water pricing and irrigation performance in the Near East

Conference on Irrigation Water Policies: Micro and Macro Considerations - Organized by the World Bank - Agadir, Morocco, 15-17 June 2002






Also available in:
No results found.

Related items

Showing items related by metadata.

  • Thumbnail Image
    Book (series)
    Deficit irrigation practices 2002
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    The scope for further irrigation development to meet food requirements in the coming years has been strongly diminished as a result of decreasing water resources and growing competition for clean water. The great challenge for the future will be the task of increasing food production with less water, particularly in countries with limited water and land resources. In the context of improving water productivity, there is a growing interest in "deficit irrigation" - an irrigation practice whereby water supply is reduced below maximum levels and mild stress is allowed with minimal effects on yield. This publication presents a range of studies, carried out for several crops and under different ecological conditions, showing the various options and practices of deficit irrigation and the impacts of reduces irrigation water supply on crop yield. The synthesis shows that deficit irrigation can result in substantial water savings with little impact on the quality and quantity of the harvested yield. However, to be successful, an intimate knowledge of crop behaviour is required, as crop response to water stress varies considerably.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Book (stand-alone)
    IPTRID No.7 Modernizing Irrigated Agriculture in the Near East 2009
    Also available in:

    The Near East is one of the most water scarce regions in the world. Water resources were mobilized only recently. There was a rapid irrigation development but also problematic sharing of the water resources leading to political tension and mobilizing the international community. This document describes the efforts carried out by the French cooperation from 1993 to 2007 through the Regional Mission for Water and Agriculture (MREA). The originality of the approach, based on action research , in contact with the field, is described here with concrete cases: support for the upgrading of the Jordan Valley Irrigation system, improving distribution at plot level, economic value of food production, wastewater reuse in Gaza and water balance at basin level. An assessment of the Mission completed by a Rapid Appraisal Procedure of FAO had confirmed that a margin of progress is possible in the management of irrigation and has suggested ways for local partners (NGOs and universitie s) to carry out these efforts of modernization.
  • Thumbnail Image
    Book (stand-alone)
    Wastewater Reuse in the Near East Region: Experience and Issues
    Regional Symposium on Water Recycling in the Mediterranean Region
    2002
    Also available in:
    No results found.

    Wastewater in most countries of the Near East Region (NER) is being more and more recognized as of vital importance to be treated and made safe for reuse. It contributes considerably to the water budget in several countries, particularly those suffering from water scarcity. Treated wastewater is used directly in irrigation of farms or landscape green areas. Limited indirect use includes recharge of groundwater aquifers to control over-draft and salt intrusion in coastal areas. A large share of w astewater is still not treated and part of it is used in an uncontrolled manner, including for the production of uncooked food crops the consumption of which poses health risks. Expansion of treated wastewater reuse in the region is linked to a number of issues and constraints. The high cost of treatment and management of reclaimed wastewater is one of the major limitations facing the week economy of most countries. Unclear polices, institutional conflicts and lack of regulatory frameworks con stitute other important constraints that hinder implementation and proper operation of wastewater reuse projects. The manpower capacity is at varying levels between countries, but additional training and capacity strengthening are generally needed throughout the region. This paper gives an overview of the existing practices of wastewater reuse in the NER and of the constraints facing it. It concludes with recommendations and policy options that are likely to lift these constraints and to make a better use of the wastewater potential.

Users also downloaded

Showing related downloaded files

No results found.