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Urban Food Environments and Green Spaces

Improving people’s access to nutritious food and green spaces










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    Book (stand-alone)
    Assessment of retail food environments and green spaces for healthy cities
    Methodological guidance based on the experiences in Dar es Salaam, Lima, Tunis
    2022
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    Developing and maintaining healthy retail food environments and green spaces isof the utmost and pressing importance in urban centres. To this end, it is crucial to provide cities with tools to assess the availability, accessibility and use of food outlets and green spaces that facilitate healthy eating and living for urban dwellers. Existing tools to assess food and green environments have been developed and used mainly in high-income countries. This study shows that these tools can and should be adapted to low- and middle-income country settings. This study shows that small neighbourhood food shops are important for household food security, in particular for low- to middle-income households. At the same time, the study shows that consumers are disproportionately exposed to ultra-processed foods (UPFs) in these shops. The policy implication of this finding is that small neighbourhood shops must be incentivized to stock and sell greater amounts of fresh and minimally processed foods to make it easier for low- to middle-income households to adopt healthy diets.
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    Article
    Urban green space during COVID-19 outbreak: A comparison of city dwellers’ visitation
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    The global pandemic disease (COVID-19) has given temporary a positive effect to the environment condition and an extremely distressing impact to the social and economic sectors. Most countries-imposed lockdown and strict precautions to deal with this shock. These policy responses did decrease NO2 concentration and upgrade the air quality index in some countries. However, physical and mental health issues were reported to increase. Visiting urban green space could be one of the various solutions to address the problem even it may risk being exposed to the virus. This dilemma may affect the pattern of visitation urban green space in temperate and tropic countries. This study aims to understand how COVID-19 and government policy responses affect the visitation of a number of urban green spaces in temperate and tropic countries. The data were collected from Google Mobility Reports and John Hopkins University which had been retrieved by Our World in Data and SDG-Tracker of Oxford University. Six countries (Germany, Spain, Italy) representing temperate and Mediterranean and (Indonesia, Brazil, and Singapore) as tropic countries were chosen as study case from March to April 2020. The nation-wide lockdowns were implemented in Germany, Spain, Italy, and Singapore while Brazil and Indonesia decided to keep social distance and remotely working from home. These restrictions affected negatively to the visitation of urban green space in all countries except for Germany. Italy and Spain had the lowest percentage (up to -83.71%) of visitors during a high daily confirmed cases and strict measurements from the government at the end of March 2020 while Germany’s urban green visitors had increased up to 53.71%. Brazil had its lowest percentage number up to -61.57%, Indonesia declined up to - 43.29% and Singapore fell up to -68.14%. Keywords: urban green space visitation, policy responses, temperate, tropics ID: 3624053
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Legal and institutional aspects of urban and peri-urban forestry and greening 2005
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    Good tree and forest management in and around cities, associated with good governance, enabling policies, participatory approaches and capacity building of stakeholders should lead to convincing and promising results. An important result for poor dwellers is income generation from the production of service wood, fuelwood, non-wood forest products and foodstuffs. Activities towards reduction of air pollution and other environmental improvement can also generate income and reduce expen ses. The policy and legal conditions for promoting forest and tree cover in urban environments and the constraints on the use of and access to these resources are different from those of forestry in rural areas. As part of its mandate to support countries in addressing poverty alleviation and food security, FAO assists in building the capacities of national policy and decision-makers and institutions in order to address legal, economic, social and environmental issues related to urbanization and urban environment with regard to trees and forests. However, so far little information has been published on this subject generally, and in particular on the legal and institutional aspects of urban and peri-urban forestry and greening (UPFG).

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