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Addressing food security challenges in Lebanon: A Water-Energy-Food-Health Nexus approach










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    Policy brief
    Evaluating farmer priorities and readiness to adopt new water, energy, and agricultural solutions in Lebanon 2021
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    Evaluating farmer priorities and readiness to adopt new water, energy, and agricultural solutions in Lebanon: The survey highlights the interconnections between farmers’ decisions on their lands with different resource systems including energy, water, health and the economy. It is important to develop incentives that are consistent with farmers’ preferences and willingness to shift to different practices on their farms. Farmers are most likely to shift to alternative energy sources, followed by growing different crops, then using alternative irrigations sources. Improving profits and saving water and energy are the top reasons indicated by farmers for making shifts in their practices. As Lebanon faces compound challenges including a pandemic, economic, financial and political failure, a looming food security crisis is rapidly approaching. Much of this crisis could be attributed to the lack of long-term planning and investment in the sustainability of the agricultural sector. Another challenge lies in the existing disconnect between decision making between the agricultural sector, and other interconnected sectors, including water, energy, health, economy, among others. This is exacerbated by the lack of integrative national tools that allow for quantifying the trade-offs associated with possible plans and interventions, which could play a role in facilitating a dialogue between multiple sectors and stakeholder groups. Supported by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences at the American University of Beirut has worked toward evaluating stakeholder perceptions toward existing resource challenges and willingness to implement proposed interventions at the farm scale.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Water–energy–food–health nexus in Lebanon
    Case study
    2023
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    This study used a water–energy–food system-of-systems assessment to evaluate the sustainability of the Mediterranean diet in Lebanon. The specific aims were to: 1) identify and quantify the critical interconnections between water, energy and food systems in Lebanon; 2) develop a nexus framework to assess the trade-offs associated with adopting interventions within current water, energy and agriculture portfolios and practices; 3) evaluate stakeholder perceptions around regional resource challenges and their willingness to implement proposed interventions.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    An Innovative Accounting Framework for the Food-Energy-Water Nexus
    Application of the MuSIASEM approach to three case studies
    2013
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    Human wellbeing relies upon the availability and wise management of food, energy and water. The interconnections between these resources make clear that the management of each of them cannot be considered in isolation but in an integrated and holistic way. Inter-linkages should be considered also among different scales, between local and global processes of resources use, and between social and economic aspects of a society, in order to properly assess the impacts of new policies or interventi ons. This report presents the results of the application of an integrated analysis approach, the Multi- Scale Integrated Assessment of Society and Ecosystem Metabolism to three case studies: (i) an analysis of the option to produce biofuel from sugarcane in the Republic of Mauritius; (ii) an exploration of the future of grain production in the Indian state of Punjab; (iii) an assessment of two alternative energy sources to produce electricity in the Republic of South Af rica.

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