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The State of Agricultural Commodity Markets (SOCO) 2006











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    Book (series)
    No. 2. Tariff reduction formulae: Methodological issues in assessing their effects
    FAO Trade Policy Technical Notes on issues related to the WTO negotiations on agriculture
    2005
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    The current round of WTO negotiations on agriculture initiated in Doha in 2001 produced a range of suggestions as to the appropriate approach for further cuts in, and disciplines on, the use of agricultural tariffs. Subsequent analyses have provided crucial information for negotiators and policy analysts on the relative implications of these approaches on the tariff profiles of their individual countries as well as on those of their main trading partners. However, it is essential that these analysts and negotiators are aware of a number of key methodological issues and assumptions which can fundamentally affect analytical results.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Agricultural trade liberalization in the Doha round. Alternative scenarios and strategic interactions between developed and developing countries
    Commodity and Trade Policy Research Working Paper No. 10.
    2004
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    The paper explores the impact of an agricultural trade agreement, simulating alternative liberalization scenarios, and studying the outcomes of the interaction between the strategies of country groups in the negotiations. The analysis is based on the model of the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP), and on the related version 5.4 database. Scenarios are run on a 2013 baseline, built by taking into account a number of events that have affected (and will further affect) world agricultural markets up to that period, focusing on the effects that are specifically attributable to further trade liberalization in the Doha Round. The policy strategies analyzed are two liberalization scenarios based on the proposals made in the present round of agricultural negotiations in terms of market access and export competition, plus a free agricultural trade benchmark scenario. Simulations are employed to study the interactions between the possible strategies of two wide country groups – developed and d eveloping countries on the basis of game theory, and to search for mutually advantageous agreements to be compared with actual agreement hypotheses. Results indicate that welfare gains could be reaped both by developed and developing countries and the possibility of inter-country compensations would allow, at least in principle, an agreement to be reached.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    REVIEW OF BASIC FOOD POLICIES 2002 2003
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    This is the second issue of the Review of basic food policies, which covers policy developments in production, consumption marketing and trade of cereals, oilseeds and livestock products during the period 2001-2002. The policy information contained in the report is taken from country responses to FAO questionnaires and from publicly available sources. The period under review was marked by several significant developments, particularly the World Trade Organization (WTO) Doha Ministerial Agreement that launched a new round of multilateral trade negotiations. This Agreement has set in train discussions on agriculture that include a review of experience so far with the implementation of the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture (AOA). Thus it is hoped that the examination of agricultural policies that is contained in this and earlier versions of the Review might be of use to countries in their preparations for the negotiations on agriculture.

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