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Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security








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    Book (stand-alone)
    Climate change and food security: risks and responses 2015
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    End hunger, achieve food security and improve nutrition are at the heart of the sustainable development goals. The World has committed to eradicate extreme poverty and hunger by 2030. But climate change is undermining the livelihoods and food security of the rural poor, who constitute almost 80 percent of the world’s poor. The effects of climate change on our ecosystems are already severe and widespread. Climate change brings a cascade of impacts from agroecosystems to livelihoods. Climate change impacts directly agroecosystems, which in turn has a potential impact on agricultural production, which drives economic and social impacts, which impact livelihoods. In other words, impacts translate from climate to the environment, to the productive sphere, to economic and social dimensions. Therefore, ensuring food security in the face of climate change is among the most daunting challenges facing humankind. Action is urgently needed now to reduce vulnerability and increase resilience of food systems to ensure food security and good nutrition for all.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Addressing the climate change and poverty nexus
    A coordinated approach in the context of the 2030 Agenda and the Paris Agreement
    2019
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    Climate change threatens our ability to ensure global food security, eradicate poverty and achieve sustainable development. About 736 million people live in extreme poverty, and the global response to climate change today will determine how we feed future generations. By 2030, UN member countries have committed to eradicating extreme poverty and hunger for people everywhere. As ending poverty and hunger are at the heart of FAO’s work, the organization is helping countries develop and implement evidence-based pro-poor policies, strategies and programmes that promote inclusive growth and sustainable livelihoods, as well as to increase the resilience, adaptive and coping capacity of poor and vulnerable communities to climate change. In order to achieve this, FAO encourages an integrated Climate-Poverty Approach to support policy development and action by policymakers, government officials, local-level institutions, communities, researchers, and development and humanitarian agencies worldwide. The Approach has been developed with insights from many perspectives, and includes not only climate and poverty aspects, but also indigenous, gender, food security, disaster response, resilience, SIDS and coastal community perspectives, among others. With a series of policy recommendations and tools to improve the design, delivery, and results of synergies and linkages between climate mitigation and adaptation, poverty reduction and food security actions, these synergies and linkages can make significant contributions towards achieving both the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Paris Agreement targets.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Climate Action for Sustainable Development
    Supporting countries to transition to low-emission, climate-resilient agriculture
    2019
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    Unless urgent action is taken, climate change threatens to impede and reverse progress on eradicating hunger, malnutrition and poverty, intensify inter-ethnic and cross-border violence, exacerbate gender inequality and trigger further migration. Even with just 1.5°C warming, further negative consequences are likely, especially for the poor, with an estimated additional 122 million people falling into extreme poverty due to higher food prices, substantial income losses and declining health. Agriculture and food systems must be at the heart of the global response. Aligning the Paris Agreement and the 2030 Agenda is an opportunity to speed up progress, generate mutually reinforcing benefits and maximize returns on investment, both on mitigation and adaptation. FAO aims to turn NDCs, National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) and Long-Term Climate Strategies (2050) into concrete action by helping countries to optimize policy and technical interventions to meet their Paris commitments and SDG targets. Investment is required in low-emission and climate-resilient agriculture now to avoid inevitably higher costs later.

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