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Trade in fisheries products: fisheries sustainability, fishing capacity, and illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing

FAO support to the WTO negotiations at the 12th Ministerial Conference












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    NPOA - Australia's Second National Plan of Action to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing 2014
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    Australia has a long history of combating illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing and recognises that international collaboration is required to address the problem. It is crucial that we remain vigilant and stay ahead of the illegal operators in our own waters, regional waters and on the high seas. IUU fishing depletes fish stocks through overfishing and is a serious threat to our region's food security. It also results in large financial losses to coastal States and can seriously dam age marine environments and fish habitats. Australia's second National Plan of Action to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (NPOA-IUU) represents a shared vision to tackle the issue. At the national level, Australia combats IUU fishing through aerial surveillance, sea patrols and real-time monitoring of fishing vessels. Vessel apprehensions, to combat illegal foreign fishing in our northern waters, declined from 365 in 2005-06 to 26 in 2013-14; some vessels were destroyed, many offenders prosecuted and, in some cases, imprisoned. Australia is active at an international level promoting stronger measures to combat IUU fishing. We participate in the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, the International Maritime Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the International Monitoring, Control and Surveillance Network. We also provide important technical knowledge, surveillance and patrol assets. In South-E ast Asia and the Pacific region, Australia works with fishing countries and regional fisheries organisations to improve fisheries management capacity, strengthen surveillance and enforcement programmes, share information and data and raise awareness of the impacts of IUU fishing through education and outreach programmes. Jointly with Indonesia, Australia has helped fund and implement a public information campaign in eastern Indonesia to raise local fishers' awareness of the impacts of IUU fishin g and the serious consequences if caught operating illegally. Other regional assistance measures include registration of authorised vessels, listing of IUU vessels, reporting of fishing activity by flag States, implementation of port State measures to prevent landing and sale of illegally caught fish and adoption and implementation of strong conservation and management measures by regional fisheries management organisations.
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    Book (series)
    Report of the Expert Consultation on Fishing Vessels Operating under Open Registries and their Impact on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing. Miami, Florida, United States of America, 23 – 25 September 2003. 2004
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    This document contains the report of the Expert Consultation on Fishing Vessels Operating under Open Registries and their Impact on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing that was held at at the Southeast Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in Miami, Florida, United States of America, from 23–25 September 2003. The Expert Consultation was convened by the Director-General of FAO with a view to facilitating the implemen tation of the 2001 FAO International Plan of Action to Deter, Prevent and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (IPOA-IUU). Experts for this Consultation were selected because of their experience with open registries and in the field of fisheries. The Experts focused on the effects of IUU fishing on global fishery resources and on lessons that might be learned from the experiences of flag States that have already implemented tighter control over the activities of their fishi ng vessels. Background papers and three case studies from selected open registry countries were presented. A round table discussion following the presentations led to the adoption of a number of recommendations for more effective application of flag State control over fishing vessels, particularly those operating under open registries, as a means to reduce the incidence of IUU fishing. These recommendations identified measures to be adopted by all States, flag States, coastal States and port Sta tes, as well as for assistance to developing States. Results of the Expert Consultation are intended to provide inputs for a Technical Consultation on IUU fishing, fleet capacity and subsidies that is planned for June 2004, in accordance with a decision of the twenty-fifth session of the Committee on Fisheries (COFI) in February 2003.
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    Book (series)
    Report of the FAO Regional Workshop on Port State Measures to Combat Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing. Cape Town, South Africa, 28–31 January 2008. 2008
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    This document contains the report of the FAO Regional Workshop on Port State Measures to Combat Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing, which was held at Cape Town, South Africa, from 28 to 31 January 2008. The objective of the Workshop was to develop national capacity and promote bilateral, sub-regional and/or regional coordination so that countries will be better placed to strengthen and harmonize port State measures and, as a result, implement the relevant International Plan of Act ion to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (IPOA–IUU) tools and the FAO Model Scheme and contribute to the development of a legally-binding instrument on port State measures. The Workshop addressed: background and framework for port State measures; global and regional issues relating to IUU fishing and port State measures, and the 2005 FAO Model Scheme on Port State Measures to Combat IUU Fishing; the 2007 draft Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, De ter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing and the implementation of regional and national port State measures; adoption and implementation of port State measures by regional fisheries management organizations (RFMOs) and the implementation of measures in the Southern and East Africa subregion; operational and information requirements for effective port State measures; industry perspectives on port State measures and national responses to questionnaires; and key issues for fur ther action and cooperation in strengthening and harmonizing port State measures. Working groups were formed to enhance the participatory nature of the Workshop and as a means of engendering broader and deeper discussion on concepts and issues relating to port State measures. In one exercise they addressed various aspects of port State measures, and recommended and prioritized areas for regional cooperation in implementing port State measures. They also identified further types of support needed to implement port State measures and in another exercise they considered certain thematic aspects relating to the FAO Model Scheme and the draft Agreement on port State measures. This exercise included legal aspects, information requirements, systems and inspection procedures, the results of inspection and training. Funding and support for the Workshop were provided by the FAO Regular Programme, by the Government of Norway through the Trust Fund for Port State Measures (MTF/GLO/206/MUL) and the FishCode Programme (MTF/GLO/125/MUL [Sweden-SIDA] [SWE/05/IUU Port State Measures/IUU fishing]). Funding was also provided by the UK Department for International Development (DFID).

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