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Emergency Assistance for the Control of Foot and Mouth Disease in Central and Western Regions of Mongolia - TCP/MON/3701









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    Project
    Strengthening Livelihood and Food Security in Mongolia - TCP/MON/3603 2019
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    In 2015 a sheep pox outbreak spread through the eastern region of Mongolia. At the same time an extremely harsh winter in 2015 and 2016 killed 56 million livestock and left those that survived vulnerable to contracting sheep pox. Interventions to control the outbreak were made, but because of a vaccine shortage sheep pox continued to spread throughout the country. This project was implemented to provide an emergency response to control the sheep pox outbreak through providing emergency vaccinations to livestock and promoting disease control and awareness raising.
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    Project
    Mongolia Animal Health and Veterinary Services Support - TCP/MON/3607 2020
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    A key objective of the Government of Mongolia is toincrease economic growth from livestock resources andfrom meat exports, including heat-processed products.Animals, both domestic and wild, play an important role ingenerating sustainable income. Meat, dairy, wool,cashmere and leather raw materials are produced fromgoats, sheep, yak, cattle, camels and horses for furtherprocessing, while wild animals are important both fortourism and in terms of national heritage. In addition,meat exports are critical to managing pressure on pasturelands due to overpopulation/overgrazing of livestock.Animal diseases, as well as the challenges surroundingtheir prevention and control, are well established asthe main impediment to the sustainable development ofthe livestock sector. This is directly associated with thecapacity of the national veterinary services to minimizethe animal disease burden and promote animal health.Nevertheless, Mongolia’s services are currently underextreme pressure, facing animal diseases that are liableto limit trade. The large number of livestock creates high demand forveterinary services. With increasing exports, the highdemand for veterinary services may need to grow furtherto allow compliance with certification inspection,international health standards, quarantines, etc.A number of initiatives have been undertaken in Mongoliaby the Government and its development partners. Forinstance, there are areas of the country free fromFoot-and-mouth disease (FMD) that comply with thestandards of the World Organisation for Animal Health(OIE), an animal identification database is in place, witha number of companies selling ear tags and electronicmonitoring chips, while there is also a draft veterinarydrug residue detection plan.
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    Booklet
    Foot-and-mouth disease: quarterly report
    April–June 2023
    2023
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    This quarterly report describes recent data for foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) outbreaks from April to June 2023. During this period, the World Reference Laboratory for Foot-and-Mouth Disease (WRLFMD) has reported test results for samples received from Bahrain, Ethiopia, Jordan, Nepal and Uganda. There have also been new sequence submissions from Oman (from ANSES on behalf of the Central Laboratory of Animal Health and from Sultan Qaboos University) and the Republic of Korea (APQA). The spread of the SAT2/XIV lineage that has emerged in the past six months to cause FMD outbreaks in countries in the Near East has been constantly monitored. This lineage originates in East Africa (Pool 4). Samples tested during this quarter from Bahrain and sequences provided from Oman (via ANSES, France) show that viruses from this lineage have been recently detected in a number of Gulf State countries supporting the idea that trade of live animals into the Persian Gulf from East Africa represents the most likely route by which the SAT2/XIV topotype has been introduced into the region. In Türkiye, SAT2/XIV outbreaks have been reported in Eastern and Central Anatolia, while in the Thrace region SAT2 vaccines (SAT2/Eri-98 from international suppliers and locally produced homologous vaccines from the ŞAP Institute) are being rapidly deployed to try to limit the potential impacts and spread of this lineage. Similarly, prophylactic vaccination using SAT2-specific vaccines is also being used in neighbouring countries (such as Armenia and Georgia). Elsewhere, new sequence data associated with FMD outbreaks has been received from the Republic of Korea, showing that these cases are due to the O/ME-SA/Ind-2001e lineage. This lineage is now widely distributed in Pool 1 (East/Southeast Asia) and has previously spread to cause outbreaks in the Russian Federation (2021), Kazakhstan (2022) and Indonesia (2022). There have also been new reports of cases due to serotype O (O/ME-SA/PanAsia-2ANT-10) in Palestine and O-EA-3 in North Africa (Libya).

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