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GIEWS Update – The Republic of Haiti, 20 May 2024

Already critical levels of acute food insecurity likely to deteriorate











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    Weather extremes between November 2023 and March 2024 resulted in massive livestock deaths, especially in eastern and central parts of the country. Livelihoods of most herders have been affected, warranting the urgent need for humanitarian assistance to prevent a severe deterioration of their food security situation. Domestic prices of basic food staples have reached very high levels, constraining access to food for most vulnerable households.
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    In Haiti, sociopolitical unrest, economic decline, violence perpetrated by armed groups, low agricultural production, rising food and fuel prices, and frequent natural disasters have led to increased levels of food insecurity. The new estimates indicate that about 5 in 10 households are currently facing acute hunger and for the first time in the country, the municipality of Cité Soleil registered 5 percent of the population in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). Food security has also continued to deteriorate in rural areas, with several departments falling into Emergency (IPC Phase 4). This is mainly due to harvest losses following below-average rainfall as well as the 2021 earthquake that devastated parts of the Grand´Anse, Nippes and Sud. As a result, households face limited availability of and access to food, and are forced to adopt negative coping mechanisms to meet basic needs. The recent cholera outbreak is also likely to further increase the number of people food insecure. Due to the severity of the situation, urgent actions are required to support about half of the population. Providing the poorest and most food‑insecure households with livelihoods assistance is crucial to sustainably improve their food security and increase their self-reliance.
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    Between September 2022 and February 2023, about 4.7 million people are projected to experience high levels of acute food insecurity. Economic contraction, sociopolitical instability and worsening insecurity has gradually deteriorated the food security situation in the country. The cholera outbreak is likely to hit vulnerable populations who are already facing food insecurity, and humanitarian assistance is urgently needed to save lives.

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