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Cooperatives in the CIS and Georgia: Overview of Legislation

Policy Studies on Rural Transition No. 2014-2









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    Document
    Agricultural Cooperatives in Eurasia
    Policy Studies on Rural Transition No. 2014-3
    2014
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    Across Eurasia there is an immense divide in the development of agricultural cooperatives between the countries of the European Union and those of the Commonwealth of Independent States and Georgia (CIS-G). This gap can be seen in the differences in the spread of cooperatives within agriculture, in government policy and in the enabling legislative environment. The divide is supported by a basic conceptual and experiential distinction that existed during the socialist period and which continues t o exist in modified form between the two parts of Eurasia today. This paper will analyze the divergence in the development of agricultural cooperatives in Eurasia. It begins with the question of why cooperatives are needed, of what problems they solve. It then describes the divide within Eurasia on agricultural cooperatives, starting with concepts, and illustrating differences in the spread of cooperatives across the region, government policies and enabling legislation. A conclusion summarizes p olicy recommendations to bring the useful experience of the international cooperative movement to bear on agricultural cooperatives in the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States and Georgia.
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    Newsletter
    E-Newsletter from FAO in Georgia, Issue No.38, April 2018 2018
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    The electronic newsletter from the FAO Representation in Georgia features the following articles: 1.Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Representation in Georgia hosted a two-day visit of Moldovan delegates to Georgia to share information, recommendations and lessons learned while implementing the EU-funded projects under European Neighbourhood Programme for Agriculture and Rural Development (ENPARD). 2. Creating an online library to make modern agricultural advice handbooks and guidebooks available for Georgian farmers, extension specialists and all the interested parties – this was one of the main topics of the meeting organized by FAO and the Working Group on Extension (WGE) of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Agriculture of Georgia. 3. EU-funded projects with budget of EUR 22 million (approx. GEL 60 million) implemented by FAO and UNDP will provide direct assistance to rural communities and support Georgian and Ajara Autonomous Republic governments on sustainable agriculture and rural development policy. 4. Fish and fish products are among the most widely traded food commodities in the world, with trade totaling around US$ 145 billion per year. Demand is especially strong in Europe. Market access and regional trade in fish products in Eastern Europe – especially with regard to the World Trade Organization – are the focus of a three-day workshop in Serbia.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Digitalization of the food control system to measure food safety in Georgia 2024
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    Effective data collection during food control procedures by the public authorities is essential to ensure food safety and compliance with regulations. Using modern technology plays a vital role in acquiring information from food businesses, food control inspections, and other food control actions. Digital systems allow real-time assessment of the current food safety compliance levels, permit establishing baselines and trend analyses, and enable targeted actions as a response to the food control results. A well-functioning digital system can provide results from several food safety aspects, pointing out where there is room for improvement giving the food control authority tools to strive for better effectiveness of food control and food safety. Georgia, a country that earlier applied mainly a non-digital environment to collect and analyze food control data, has developed a digital system to modernize data acquisition in recent years. Until 2017 the National Food Agency received food control results from the regions on spreadsheets and text files. The collection of the data from the files was ineffective, cumbersome, and prone to mistakes. Authorities experienced problems in receiving timely data throughout the food chain including information on registrations of food businesses, inspection results, and any other relevant food safety data. This impaired the understanding of the food safety situation in Georgia and the development of food control. The new system, which has been in use since 2017 in the capital and since then expanded to the whole country. It contains up-to-date food safety data on food businesses and compliance. Georgia is further developing the digital system to include more information from the food chain, which will permit comprehensive analyses of the food safety state and food control effectiveness. This document was developed within the framework of the FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia and the University of Helsinki collaboration on the “Call for collecting good practices in improving food safety management”, launched in June 2022. This call aimed to empower organizations to showcase innovative solutions and good practices to improve specific aspects of food safety management in Europe and Central Asia. It facilitates experience sharing and co-learning amongst the Member countries in the region. Five good practices were identified under three categories:  i) Measuring the effectiveness of food control; ii) Solutions to support small-scale producers to comply with food safety requirements; iii)  Use of digital solutions to improve food safety management.

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