The state of the world's forests 2022

Acronyms and abbreviations

°Cdegree(s) Celsius

CIFOR-ICRAFCenter for International Forestry Research and World Agroforestry

CO2carbon dioxide

CO2ecarbon dioxide equivalent

COPConference of the Parties

COVID-19coronavirus disease

EFTecological fiscal transfer

EIDemerging infectious disease

ESVDEcosystem Services Valuation Database

ETSemissions trading system


FAOFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

FLRforest and landscape restoration

FRAGlobal Forest Resources Assessment

FSCForest Stewardship Council

GDPgross domestic product

GFPMGlobal Forest Products Model

GGWGreat Green Wall

GHGgreenhouse gas


GtCgigatonne(s) of carbon


Int$international dollar(s)

IRWindustrial roundwood

ITMOinternationally transferred mitigation outcome



MDBmultilateral development bank

MRVmonitoring, reporting and verification


NDCnationally determined contribution

NWFPnon-wood forest product

ODAofficial development assistance

PEFCProgramme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification

PESpayments for ecosystem services

RBPresults-based payment

REDD+reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks

SDGSustainable Development Goal

SEEASystem of Environmental-Economic Accounting

SEEA-EASystem of Environmental-Economic Accounting Ecosystem Accounting

SOFOState of the World’s Forests


UNUnited Nations

UNFCCCUnited Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

USDUnited States dollar(s)

VPAvoluntary partnership agreement

VSLAvillage savings and loans association

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