Chapter 2 Sustainable Development Goal 2.2: Malnutrition

2.2 WASTING AMONG CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS OF AGE

The ECA region has made significant progress in reducing the prevalence of wasting among children under 5 years of age. In 2022, the prevalence was 1.4 percent, which was less than one-fourth of the global estimate of 6.8 percent (FIGURE 10, TABLE 8). Among ECA subregions, the prevalence of wasting among children was highest - and above the ECA average - in the Caucasus (2.2 percent), Central Asia (2.1 percent) and the Western Balkans (1.8 percent).

FIGURE 10

Prevalence of wasting among children under 5 years of age by subregion, 2022

SOURCE: Adapted from UNICEF, WHO & The World Bank. 2023. UNICEF-WHO-The World Bank: Joint child malnutrition estimates - Levels and trends (2023 edition). [Cited 24 April 2023]. https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-report-2023
Download: https://doi.org/10.4060/CC8608EN-fig10
TABLE 8.

Prevalence of wasting among children under 5 years of age by subregion, percent

2022
WORLD6.8
Europe and Central Asia1.4
Caucasus2.2
Central Asia2.1
CIS Europe and Ukrainen.a.
EFTA countriesn.a.
EU-27 and the United Kingdom0.5
Othern.a.
Western Balkans1.8
SOURCE: Adapted from UNICEF, WHO & The World Bank. 2023. UNICEF-WHO-The World Bank: Joint child malnutrition estimates - Levels and trends (2023 edition). [Cited 24 April 2023]. https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-report-2023

FIGURE 11 shows the prevalence of child wasting by country. Just 11 of the 17 countries have a recent (2015 and onwards) estimate below the 2030 target of reducing childhood wasting to less than 3 percent and maintaining it at that level. In contrast, six countries - Armenia, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, North Macedonia, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan - still have a prevalence higher than 3 percent.2 2 The assessment for the wasting target is based on the most recent point estimate, even though confidence intervals are available that in many cases surpass the cutoff. Wasting is an acute condition that can change frequently and rapidly, even as rapidly as over the course of a calendar year. Therefore, countries considered as having met the target may not when future surveys are available.

FIGURE 11

Prevalence of wasting among children under 5 years of age by country and subregion, latest year available from 2015 to 2022

NOTE: The data in this chart are accurate as of the latest year for which data were available for each country; the latest year could be as old as 2015 or as recent as 2022.
SOURCE: Adapted from UNICEF, WHO & The World Bank. 2023. UNICEF-WHO-The World Bank: Joint child malnutrition estimates - Levels and trends (2023 edition). [Cited 24 April 2023]. https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-report-2023
Download: https://doi.org/10.4060/CC8608EN-fig11