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FRA 2000 - Forest resources of Bangladesh - Country report







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    Forest resources of Bhutan - Country report 1999
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    The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) regularly provides information on the world's forest resources. The FAO project "Strengthening Country Capacity in Forest Resource Assessment for Sustainable Forest Planning in the Asia Pacific Region (GCP/RAS/162/JPN)" is attempting to both supplement and support these effort by working at the regional and country level to develop information on the status, planning and management of forest resources in South Asian countries. Thi s report contains six chapters. The first chapter sketches the ecological, political and social governance of natural resources. The second chapter describes the condition of forest resources over space and time. The third chapter provides information to visualize economic the dimensions of forest resources. The fourth chapter attempts to capture the variable patterns of forest use. The fifth chapter presents the policy and planning framework that directs the management of forest resources. The sixth chapter considers the legal regulations that control the use and management of forests, assesses their impact on the social fabric of Bhutan, and examines the capacity of the Forest Department to enforce them. Bhutan is a kingdom ruled by a hereditary king. A majority of the Bhutanese are Buddhists and Buddhism is supported by the state. The total population is approximately 640 000 with a 2.9 percent annual growth rate. Bhutanese mostly live in about 1 000 villages organized into 20 dzong khags (districts) and 197 gewogs (blocks). The country has a basic need-based economy with a predominance of agriculture, animal husbandry, and forestry. The main land-use is forest. The narrow economic base of Bhutan is broadening with a declining share of the agriculture sector in the gross domestic product and an increasing share in the production sector, which includes hydropower generation projects..
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    FRA 2000 - Proceedings of South Asian regional workshop on planning, database and networking for sustainable forest management 2001
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    The second regional workshop under the framework of the project “Strengthening Country Capacity in Forest Resource Assessment for Sustainable Forest Planning in the Asia Pacific Region -GCP/RAS/162/JPN” was organized in Thimpu, Bhutan from May 23 to 26, 2000. The project derives its basis from FRA 1990 which indicated a very unsatisfactory condition not only in gathering, analyzing and reporting of forest information but also in making its use for sustainable forest planning and forest resource assessment at national and regional levels in all South Asian countries. The project supplements Forest Resources Assessment programme of FAO to fill current gaps in the forest resource information. It became operational on April 1st, 1998 and is scheduled to close in 2001. Three participants from each of the project countries (Bhutan, Bangladesh, Nepal, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka) and a guest country (Myanmar) deliberated mainly on forest planning, forest databases, forest internet netw orking, world forest survey, regional forest forum/center and regional forest policy. The workshop was held in close cooperation with the Forestry Services Department of the Royal Government of Bhutan. Most of the participants presented study reports and documents for detailed technical discussion. This workshop achieved its planned objectives due to its focused design and active participation of the country delegates and resource persons.
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    FRA 2000 - Comparison of forest area and forest area change estimates derived from FRA 1990 and FRA 2000 2000
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    The working paper compares the 1990 net forest areas and the figures for net annual forest area change derived from FRA 1990 and FRA 2000. The total 1990 forest area registered by FRA 2000 was found to be 521 million ha or 15.1% larger than the corresponding figure from FRA 1990. This difference owes primarily to change of definitions of forest between the assessments (in particular the lowering of the threshold value for crown density in the industrialized countries from 20 to 10%). The change of forest definitions had the largest impact on the reported forest areas for Australia and the Former USSR. Due to the above, a larger forest area was studied in FRA 2000 compared to FRA 1990. Despite that, the net annual forest area change during the 1990's reported for FRA 2000 was - 9.4 million ha, representing a positive development from the FRA 1990 estimate of - 13.1 million ha during the 1980's. The rate of net forest area loss as reported by FRA has thereby decreased by 3.7 million ha f rom the 1980's to the 1990s. If the FRA 1990 definitions are applied to the data for the 1990s, the slowing net deforestation trend at the global level is further enhanced.

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