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Unlocking public expenditure to transform agrifood systems in sub-Saharan Africa












FAO. 2022. Unlocking public expenditure to transform agrifood systems in sub-Saharan Africa. FAO Agricultural Development Economics Policy Brief, No. 57. Rome.



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    Book (stand-alone)
    Public expenditure on food and agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa
    Trends, challenges and priorities
    2021
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    Monitoring and analysing food and agriculture policies and their effects is crucial to support decision makers in developing countries to shape better policies that drive agricultural and food systems transformation. This report is a technical analysis of government spending data on food and agriculture during 2004–2018 in 13 sub-Saharan African countries – Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Rwanda, Senegal, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. It analyses the level of public expenditure, including budget execution, source of funding and decentralized spending, as well as the composition of expenditure, including on producer or consumer support, research and development, infrastructure and more to reveal the trends and challenges that countries are facing. It also delves into the relationship between the composition of public expenditure and agricultural performance. As a way forward for future policymaking, the report offers a set of recommendations to strengthen policy monitoring systems and data generation for effective public investments in food and agriculture. The report is produced by the Monitoring and Analysing Food and Agricultural Policies (MAFAP) programme at FAO in collaboration with MAFAP country partners.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Public expenditure on food and agriculture: the MAFAP method 2022
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    This fact sheet describes the course that will equip you with the skills to carry out your public expenditure analysis, looking at total amounts and breakdown of spending. This will allow you to better monitor areas that are underinvested or those that have higher returns on investment, and to identify budget bottlenecks and to prioritise spending, in line with national development objectives. The analysis and results can then be used to shape and influence policymaking on food and agriculture expenditure and investments.
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    Booklet
    Government expenditures in agriculture 2001–2020
    Global and regional trends
    2022
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    Since 2012 FAO collects Government Expenditure on Agriculture (GEA) data through a questionnaire sent annually in May to more than 190 countries. The questionnaire was jointly developed with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), using the Classification of the Functions of Government (COFOG). The last update refers to the period 2001-2020. The total government expenditures recorded an all-time high in 2020 driven by the COVID-19 pandemic response. While governments employed a mixture of policy and fiscal measures to cushion the impacts of the pandemic (IMF, 2021), with considerable variations in the agriculture sector, the overall share of agriculture spending continued to fall in most countries.

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