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THE FOREST REVENUE SYSTEM AND GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE ON FORESTRY IN CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC









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    The forest revenue system and government expenditure on forestry in Namibia 2005
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    In Namibia, the Directorate of Forestry, which is an arm of the Ministry of Environment and Tourism, has the mandate to manage and control the utilization of forest resources. This report describes the processes of administering the forest revenue system in Namibia and expenditure by the Directorate. Anybody who wants to harvest forest products in Namibia must obtain a permit. Charges for these permits are set by the Directorate of Forestry in consultation with other stakeholders and public representatives. Proposed revisions to charges are approved by the Permanent Secretary to the Minister of Finance and are then disseminated through the Directorate’s District Offices. District Forest Officers collect charges on forest products and these revenues are remitted to the Directorate’s Regional Headquarters, who then send them to Ministry of Finance. The only charges on processed forest products are income taxes on producers, although it is proposed to implement a system of value-adde d tax (VAT). Forest revenue collected by the Directorate is currently about N$ 420,000 (USD 52,200), compared with a budget for the Directorate of N$ 14,849,000 (USD 1,845,500). In addition, the Directorate receives a significant amount of funding from foreign donors. The report is of the opinion that if the forest resources are well harnessed they could yield enough revenue for forestry development in Namibia.
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    The forest revenue system and government expenditure on forestry in Lesotho
    Forest Finance Working paper: FSFM/WP/03
    2001
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    This report describes the various ways in which forest products are measured and marketed in Lesotho. It also outlines the charges that are levied on these products. The tariffing system used in Lesotho and the procedure used to set and collect forest revenues are outlined. Information about total government revenue collected from the sector, expenditure on the sector and the operation of the Forestry Fund is included.
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    The forest revenue system and government expenditure on forestry in Kenya 2005
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    The Forestry Department in Kenya is the government forestry administration and manager of state-owned forests. Forest revenue is mostly obtained from the production of major forest products (especially roundwood from forest plantations), plus some small amounts from licence fees and the production of minor forest products. In addition, a number of other taxes and fees are also collected from the sector by other parts of government. Forest charges are supposed to cover forest management cost s. The systems used to set charges, assess and collect revenue have improved, but total revenue collection is still not sufficient to cover all costs. Most forest revenue is credited to the Treasury who, in return, finance the budget of the Forestry Department. In addition, donors provide most funding for the development budget of the Forestry Department. The total budget of the Forestry Department is in adequate, resulting in significant under-investment in forest management and other acti vities. This report presents a number of recommendations about how revenue could be increased and the efficiency of the Forestry Department improved.

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