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SAHEL WEATHER AND CROP SITUATION - June 1998








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    SAHEL WEATHER AND CROP SITUATION - July 1998 1998
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    Following first rains in April in Burkina Faso, the extreme south of Chad, Mali and Niger, rains reached the east of Guinea-Bissau in mid-May and the extreme south-east of Senegal and the east of The Gambia in early June. First rains were also registered in several areas of southern Mauritania. Elsewhere, in Cape Verde, northern Senegal and eastern Niger, seasonably dry conditions continue to prevail. The latest Meteosat satellite image for the early days of July indicates that clouds remain pre sent over most producing areas of Mali, Burkina Faso, western Niger and southern Chad but dry conditions persist in northern Senegal, eastern Niger and most parts of Mauritania. Land preparation and planting are progressing following the onset of the rains. Crops are generally emerging satisfactorily in Mali, Burkina Faso, western Niger and southern Chad. Rainfall decreased in late June in Burkina Faso but soil moisture reserves are generally adequate. Grasshoppers are reported in Burki na Faso, Chad and Niger. Limited Desert Locusts activity is reported in Mali. Small-scale breeding is expected to commence with the onset of the summer rains in southern Mauritania, northern Mali and Niger.
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    SAHEL WEATHER AND CROP SITUATION - June 1999 1999
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    The rainy season started generally on time or even early in southern Senegal. However, following generally above normal rains in early to mid-May, the rains decreased significantly in early June in the centre and the east of the Sahel. By contrast, in the west, they progressed northwards over Senegal, The Gambia and Guinea Bissau. The rainy season started in April in the extreme south of Mali and progressed northwards in May. In Burkina Faso, rains started in mid-April, became widespread and wer e generally above normal over the south and the centre up to mid-May, but they decreased significantly in early June. Precipitation was widespread over southern Niger and Chad in May but decreased in early June. Elsewhere, in Cape Verde, northern parts of Senegal and Mauritania, seasonably dry conditions prevail. The last Meteosat satellite image for the first few days of the second dekad of June confirms the rainfall pattern. Land preparation and plantings are in progress following the ons et of the rains. Crops are emerging satisfactorily in Burkina Faso, southern Chad and Mali but reduced rains in early June are threatening recently planted crops, notably in Burkina Faso. Grain-eating birds are reported in Chad, Mali and Niger. Control measures are underway. Rodents also appeared following plantings in Niger. Isolated Desert Locusts have been reported in Mauritania; low numbers are expected in the summer breeding areas of the Sahel once seasonal rains commence. No signific ant developments are expected.
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    SAHEL WEATHER AND CROP SITUATION REPORT - June 2000 2000
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    The rainy season has started in late April or May in southern Burkina Faso, Chad, Guinea Bissau and Mali, in the extreme south-west of Niger and the extreme south-east of Senegal; seasonably dry conditions prevail in the rest of Senegal, Cape Verde, The Gambia and Mauritania. This corresponds to the normal pattern in the Sahel, except for Niger where the onset of the rains is somewhat delayed. Satellite imagery for the first dekad of June shows a decrease in the intensity of the rains in the are as where they had started in Burkina Faso and Niger but a significant northwards movement of cloud coverage, indicating that rains progressed over the centre of Mali, Niger and Chad. Land preparation and plantings are in progress following the onset of the rains. Dry planting is also underway in Mauritania and Niger. Crops are emerging satisfactorily in southern Burkina Faso, Chad and Mali but improved rains are needed in the coming weeks . Seed availibility is generally adequate following above average to record harvests in most Sahelian countries in 1009. The pest situation is calm. A few Desert Locusts were reported in mid-April in south-eastern Aïr in Niger and during May in Adrar in Mauritania. Low numbers of adults are likely to appear in southern Mauritania and lay with the onset of the rains.

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