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Impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the capture fishery sector in Libya











FAO. 2021. Impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the fishery and aquaculture sectors in Libya. Tunis.



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    Book (stand-alone)
    COVID-19 impacts on agri-food value chains
    Libya
    2021
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    The rapid escalation of the COVID-19 pandemic highlighted structural problems with Libyan food and agriculture value chains. Nine years of protracted conflict weakened Libya’s agriculture and deteriorated its food and agribusiness sector. The entire value chain is underdeveloped, is not well integrated and depends on imports, making it vulnerable to global supply shocks. The pandemic response requires a strong policy responses starting by making food and nutrition assistance at the heart of social protection programmes in Libya and to keep the food value chain alive by focusing on key logistics bottlenecks. Libya will benefit from keeping the global food trade open to be able to keep physical and economic access to food feasible and sustainable. Libya may rethink its food security to ensure strong and significant recovery from both conflict and COVID-19 crisis.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    Libya | Revised humanitarian response (June–December 2020)
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
    2020
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    The ongoing civil war has led to a dire humanitarian situation and the destruction of the country’s healthcare capacity and other basic infrastructure. The effects of COVID-19-related restrictions have further exacerbated the situation and increased the vulnerability of numerous households. After the first cases were detected in March 2020, both Governments took steps to control its spread including further border closures, import restrictions and restrictions on the movement of food supplies, as well as the closure of schools, markets and some businesses. Many areas in the country are reporting availability problems for basic food items. In addition, access to food-related commodities such as cooking gas is currently limited and costly. This is due to high inflation, exchange rate fluctuations and liquidity problems. The Import of goods into Libya has also been affected as a result of restrictions imposed by exporting countries, causing a reduction in food supply in Libya. These issues, coupled with an increase in unemployment, are reducing the capacity of households to meet their basic food needs. Numerous Libyans who were considered food secure before the pandemic are now facing food shortages. Migrants, internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees are among the most-affected population groups, mainly because their employment sources and opportunities have been severely reduced due to the COVID-19 containment measures. Rural Libyan farmers in the southern region of the country as well as in Benghazi have also been heavily affected. In the framework of the Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19, FAO has revised its humanitarian response for 2020 to mitigate the effects of the pandemic and address the needs of the most vulnerable households.
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    Book (stand-alone)
    Assessing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on agriculture, food security and nutrition in Africa 2021
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    Since the WHO declared COVID-19 a global pandemic in March 2020, it has gripped the world in two or more different waves in different regions. It has caused tremendous human suffering due to the disease itself and because it triggered the adoption of restrictive measures resulting in disrupted livelihoods for many. The pandemic and related control measures have most impact on the livelihoods of vulnerable populations. The sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) region, in particular, was already reeling under the tremendous burden of poverty, unemployment, malnutrition, and hunger, and is thus highly vulnerable to the ongoing direct and indirect impacts of COVID-19. Hence, this publication aims to analyze the direct and/or indirect impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Africa's agrifood systems on various aspects as macroeconomic impact, agricultural production (crops, livestock, and fisheries sectors), markets and value chains, trade, and overall food security by providing a synthesis of studies and reports already published, and the relevant secondary data available. This publication also provides criteria-based priority lists of countries using the composite index methodology, considering the four selected dimensions – the incidence and severity of COVID-19 pandemic, economic vulnerability aggravating factors, food security vulnerability aggravating factors, and the lack of coping capacity. The priority lists generated covering all African countries help focus on those requiring urgent attention from national and international communities for mitigation, recovery, and development.

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