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Wildlife legislation and the empowerment of the poor in Asia and Oceania









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    Wildlife Legislation and the Empowerment of the Poor in Asia and Oceania 2010
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    This study analyses and compares national legislation on wildlife management in twelve countries in Asia and Oceania, with the aim of identifying strengths and weaknesses of legal frameworks in the promotion of sustainable wildlife management and in allowing disadvantaged people, particularly indigenous and local communities, to directly benefit from it.
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    Book (series)
    Wildlife legislation and the empowerment of the poor in Latin America
    FAO legal papers online #80 September 2009
    2009
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    This study analyzes and compares national legislation on wildlife management in eleven countries in Central and South America, with the aim of identifying strengths and weaknesses of legal frameworks in the promotion of sustainable wildlife management and in allowing all members of society, and particularly disadvantaged people, to directly benefit from wildlife management. The study identifies several approaches to wildlife regimes in the region, which may be generally classified as either holi stic or sectoral. Holistic regimes regulate biodiversity and its components through comprehensive regimes governing all extractive and non-extractive uses of wildlife, while sectoral ones consist of a series of different legal instruments – usually developed independently from each other – on disparate issues such as hunting and wildlife conservation in protected areas.
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    Book (series)
    Wildlife law and the legal empowerment of the poor in Sub-Saharan Africa: new case studies 2009
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    This is the second legal study focusing on wildlife legislation and the empowerment of the poor in Sub-Saharan Africa. It follows up on FAO Legal Paper Online 77 “Wildlife law and the legal empowerment of the poor in Sub-Saharan Africa” that was published in May 2009 (www.fao.org/Legal/prs-ol/lpo75.pdf).1 The purpose of this second paper is to analyze wildlife legislation in an additional fifteen African countries, and assess how similar issues (such as wildlife tenure, community-based wildlife management, benefit-sharing, public participation in decision-making and law enforcement, and human-wildlife conflicts) have been addressed. The lens through which available legislation has been analyzed is the concept of “legal empowerment of the poor,” as developed by the Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor, established under the aegis of the United Nations between 2005 and 2008.2 Accordingly, national legal frameworks were examined in their potential to support the objective of effect ive regulation of wildlife management to promote environmental sustainability and socio-economic development with a view to allowing all members of society, and particularly disadvantaged people, to directly benefit from sustainable wildlife management. Thus, the study sought to evaluate whether wildlife legislation can significantly contribute to improving food security, alleviating poverty and enhancing rural livelihoods, by fulfilling international obligations and following best practices rel ated to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.

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