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FAO’s Blue Growth Initiative: Blue finance guidance notes

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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    FAO's Blue Growth Initiative: Blue finance guidance notes
    Impact investment
    2020
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    Impact investment is investing which seeks to generate a positive social and/or environmental benefit as well as a financial return. Investments could include companies, infrastructure, funds, land and non-profits. Impact investing can cover all asset classes, such as equities, fixed income, project finance, real estate and venture capital. While many impact investors cover some of these themes, it is notable that the majority do not focus on blue economy SDGs and fewer than a quarter look at Life Below Water. There is therefore a significant opportunity to tap into the $500bn of impact investment capital to leverage the blue economy. Aquaculture has had some success in attracting commercial private capital, with a number of large-scale publicly listed aquaculture companies. However, in order to ensure that these projects are sustainably run, it would be beneficial to attract more impact investors into the sector, due to their focus on achieving and measuring net positive socio-economic and environmental impacts.
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    FAO’s Blue Growth Initiative: Blue finance guidance notes
    Blended finance
    2020
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    The United Nations estimates that $4 trillion a year are needed through 2030 to achieve the SDGs, compared to around $1.5 trillion currently being invested. Public finance does not have sufficient resources to fill this gap, while for developing nations, the private sector is responsible for around 90% of jobs, 60% of investments, most exports, 80% of government revenues and a growing share of essential services, inventions and innovations (World Bank 2019). Blended finance can be used effectively in a number of situations so as to involve in the private sector.
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    Brochure, flyer, fact-sheet
    FAO’s Blue Growth Initiative – Blue finance guidance notes 2020
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    FAO, under the Blue Growth Initiative, has prepared six guidance notes and this brochure to improve the understanding of six financial instruments that can close this gap for the fishery and aquaculture sector.

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