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Helping forests take cover

On forest protection, increasing forest cover and future approaches to reforesting degraded tropical landscapes in Asia and the Pacific










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    Increasing land cover by promoting agroforestry-based tree planting to sustain community livelihood under various social forestry schemes in Indonesia
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    The high challenges and expectations in the management of Indonesian Tropical Forests to achieve the community welfare, forest sustainability and sustainable development goals, demands proper management in optimizing the use of forest resources to meet the high dependence of community needs on the forest. The pressure on forests is reflected in the deforestation that occurs as an indication of the various dependencies of the community on forests to meet their daily needs. In this regard, Agroforestry is a potential silvicultural recipe as a solution to restore degraded land and forest that can gain balance ecological, economic and social benefits. This paper aims to provide information on plant growth performance and survival rate in the establishment of agroforestry plot for a total 34 hectares in three schemes of Social Forestry in Indonesia, namely Paru Village Forest (VF)–West Sumatra, Cempaka Forestry Partnership (FP)–Lampung, Tuar Tana Community Forestry (CF)– East Nusa Tenggara, in collaboration between Forestry and Environment Research, Development and Innovation Agency with the Asian Forest Cooperation Organization (AFoCO). It was conducted by planting 26 plant sp Intensive Artificial Regeneration with planting distance of 8x8 m and 5x5 m depend on plant species. The collected data covered for survival rate and height measurement. Growth Percentage was observed at ages 1, 6, 12 and 18 months after plan participation which looks high in maintaining their crops while survival rate in Tuar Tana CF was low enough only 43,2% due to the drough in this semi-arid region which affect the plant growth, eventhough the farmers have high effort in maintaining their crops. Keywords: Mixed Tree planting, Reforestation, Community Forestry, Village Forest, Forestry Partnership ID: 3486429
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    Land use and land cover changes and the link to land degradation, Ethiopia
    XV World Forestry Congress, 2-6 May 2022
    2022
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    Accurate information on land use and land cover change (LULCC) is critical for understanding the causes of change and for developing effective policies and strategies to slow and reverse land degradation. In Ethiopia, the speed and scale of LULCC has been accelerated in the last 3–4 decades of the 21st century. The objectives of this study were to assess: (i) the extent of LULCC and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and the link to land degradation; (ii) the causes of LULCC and implication for climate change adaptation. Satellite images analysis was used to detect the change in area and vegetation index, and farmers’ perception to see the magnitude of LULCC dynamics and causes of deforestation. Correlations were made between vegetation index with dry season rainfall and temperature. The analysis of confusion matrix of LULC classification showed 87% accuracy with Kappa coefficient of 0.84. In the period 1986–2016, agriculture and settlement areas have increased by 250% and 618%, respectively. On the other hand, forests and woodlands have decreased by 72% and 84%, respectively. These were also validated with the farmers’ quantification results with similar trends. Different causes have played roles in the dynamics of LULCC. The results showed that vegetation dynamics vary both spatially and temporally against precipitation and temperature. This study informs the need to focus on halting deforestation and development of alternative energy sources. It further helps to design future land management directions, landscape based adaptation and rehabilitation strategies to be considered by policy makers. Keywords: Adaptive and integrated management, Agriculture, Biodiversity, Climate change,landscape management ID: 3599543
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    Book (stand-alone)
    FOREST LEGISLATION IN EUROPE: HOW 23 COUNTRIES APPROACH THE OBLIGATION TO REFOREST, PUBLIC ACCESS AND USE OF NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS 2004
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    This report presents the results of an extra budgetary project which analyses similarities and common approaches in European national forest legislation. The forest laws of 23 countries have been examined in order to find out whether provisions are made to put into practice the following three legal issues: (1) reforestation obligations after logging through final cutting or loss of forest cover due to fire and natural calamities, (2) regulations concerning public access to forests and ( 3) public use of non-wood forest products occurring on forest land. All three legal issues are addressed by the analysed national legislation. In most countries legislation includes regulations for obligatory reforestation Public access to forests is allowed in most of the analysed countries, although, forest owners have specific rights to limit such access. Limitations exist mainly with regard to nature protection in order to protect replanted or naturally regenerated forest stands. I n most of the examined countries the public has usage rights to collect some non-wood forest products: Considerable variations between countries are to be found; the practise of such rights usually requires consent or authorisation from the forest owner; and many rights may be subject to regulation and specific restrictions. Key Words: Forest Law, Reforestation, Access Rights to Forests, Non-wood Forest Products, Europe.

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