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Nutrition country profile: Lebanese Republic 2007








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    Nutrition country profile: Syrian Arab Republic 2005 2005
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    The Syrian Arab Republic suffers from limited rainfall and scarcity of water resources, but despite these difficult conditions, agricultural production has increased notably during the last decades. Syria is a middle-income country. The Human Development Index increased considerably during the last 25-year period, but about one fifth of Syrian people still live below the national poverty line. Constant progress has been made in maternal and child health services leading to a significant reductio n in infant and maternal mortality, and to a very good level of immunization. Nevertheless, diarrheal diseases are still among the main causes of death of children, particularly in rural areas where access to health services but also to clean water and adequate sanitation are more limited.
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    FAO - Nutrition country profiles: Namibia 2001 2001
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    The Gross National Product (GNP) in Namibia accounted for 2,210 US$ in 1997, well above average GNP in Sub-Saharan-Africa (480) and Lower-middle income countries (1,710). However, Namibia’s income distribution is one of the most unequal in the world. In 1996 AIDS overtook tuberculosis as the main killer disease. There were 1,539 registered deaths from AIDS in 1998, compared with 847 from TB and 723 from malaria, which is endemic in the north. The epidemic has dramatically reduced averaged life e xpectancy from 57 years in 1990 to 50 in 1998 and is expected to decrease to 46.5 in 2000.The Infant Mortality Rate was 63 per 1000 life births in 1995. In 1995-98, 85% of one year old infants were immunised for TB, 74% for DPT, 74% for Polio and 63% for measles. The maternal mortality rate reached 230 per 100,000 life births. Data collected in 1991 revealed that only 43% of the rural population could access safe water supply while less than 20% had toilets.
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    Nutrition country profile: Republic of the Gambia 2010 2010
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    The Republic of The Gambia, situated on the western coast of Africa, forms a narrow enclave in the Republic of Senegal except for a short seaboard on the Atlantic coastline. The population, very young, is now predominantly urban. Nevertheless agriculture remains a key sector of The Gambia’s economy and is the source of livelihood for more than three-quarters of the population. Economic performance has improved, but as yet, this has not translated into reduced poverty, which remains widespread an d severe, with about 60% of the population below the poverty line. Although a slight improvement has been observed since 2000, infant and under-five mortality rates remain high. A high maternal mortality ratio is also observed. Access to health facilities is relatively good, but poor quality of services reduces the effectiveness of the health system. Nevertheless, immunization coverage among children is expanding.

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